The Maldives are situated in the remote equatorial Indian Ocean, covering 900 km from north to south. The 26 coral atolls forming the archipelago are composed of sand and coral with a maximum height of about 2.30 m above the mean sea level. Periodic flooding from storm surges and the frequent freshwater scarcity are perceived by the population and the economic operators as the major environmental stresses. Moreover, the strong dependence on imported fossil fuels increases, even more, the environmental concerns. Diesel, in fact, still represents the main source of power generation, typically through privately managed small diesel sets. The real challenge for this area is to promote the environmental quality with socioeconomic growth. The present study aims to evaluate the strategic effectiveness to face these issues by wave and offshore wind energy. Resources using a 10-year hindcast dataset are here examined. The annual offshore wave power was found to range between 8.46 kW/m and 12.75 kW/m, while the 10 m and 100 m mean wind power density is respectively 0.08 kW/m2 and 0.16 kW/m2. Based on these results, an environmentally and socio-economically sustainable best-case scenario is constructed and two atoll islands (Malè and Magoodhoo) are specifically investigated. As a result, multifunctional structures and multi-use systems, which combine power generation, desalinization and coastal defence, are strongly recommended.
Contestabile, P., Di Lauro, E., Galli, P., Corselli, C., & Vicinanza, D. (2017). OffshoreWind and wave energy assessment around malè and Magoodhoo Island (Maldives). SUSTAINABILITY, 9(4).
|Citazione:||Contestabile, P., Di Lauro, E., Galli, P., Corselli, C., & Vicinanza, D. (2017). OffshoreWind and wave energy assessment around malè and Magoodhoo Island (Maldives). SUSTAINABILITY, 9(4).|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||OffshoreWind and wave energy assessment around malè and Magoodhoo Island (Maldives)|
|Autori:||Contestabile, P; Di Lauro, E; Galli, P; Corselli, C; Vicinanza, D|
CORSELLI, CESARE (Penultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su9040613|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|