High-Z low-temperature calorimeters are developed by an Italian collaboration (Milano-Como-Gran Sasso Underground Laboratories) in order to search for rare nuclear events and Dark Matter massive candidates. They exhibit an excellent energy resolution, close to that of Ge-diodes, but a much higher efficiency. Different high-Z materials were initially employed. A many-years optimisation work on tellurium oxide (TeO2) lead to impressive results: devices with total masses around 750 g present FWHM energy resolutions on gamma-ray peaks ranging from 1 KeV (close to the 5 KeV energy threshold) to 2.6 KeV at 2615 KeV (Tl-208 gamma line). A 3.2 KeV FWHM energy resolution was obtained at 5.4 MeV (Po-210 alpha line), which is by far the best one ever achieved with any alpha detector. These devices, operated at about 10 mK, consist of a TeO2 single crystal thermally coupled to a 50 mg Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) Ge crystal working as a temperature sensor. Special care was devoted to methods for response linearization and temporal stabilisation. Devices based on the same principle and specifically optimised could find applications in several fields like gamma-ray astrophysics, nuclear physics searches, environmental monitoring and radiation metrology.

Pobes, C., Brofferio, C., Bucci, C., Cremonesi, O., Fiorini, E., Giuliani, A., et al. (2001). Low-temperature high-Z gamma-detectors with very high energy resolution. Intervento presentato a: Conference on Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detector Physics III, San Diego, USA [10.1117/12.450760].

Low-temperature high-Z gamma-detectors with very high energy resolution

BROFFERIO, CHIARA;Cremonesi, O;FIORINI, ETTORE;NUCCIOTTI, ANGELO ENRICO LODOVICO;PAVAN, MAURA;Previtali, E;SISTI, MONICA;ZANOTTI, LUIGI ERNESTO
2001

Abstract

High-Z low-temperature calorimeters are developed by an Italian collaboration (Milano-Como-Gran Sasso Underground Laboratories) in order to search for rare nuclear events and Dark Matter massive candidates. They exhibit an excellent energy resolution, close to that of Ge-diodes, but a much higher efficiency. Different high-Z materials were initially employed. A many-years optimisation work on tellurium oxide (TeO2) lead to impressive results: devices with total masses around 750 g present FWHM energy resolutions on gamma-ray peaks ranging from 1 KeV (close to the 5 KeV energy threshold) to 2.6 KeV at 2615 KeV (Tl-208 gamma line). A 3.2 KeV FWHM energy resolution was obtained at 5.4 MeV (Po-210 alpha line), which is by far the best one ever achieved with any alpha detector. These devices, operated at about 10 mK, consist of a TeO2 single crystal thermally coupled to a 50 mg Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) Ge crystal working as a temperature sensor. Special care was devoted to methods for response linearization and temporal stabilisation. Devices based on the same principle and specifically optimised could find applications in several fields like gamma-ray astrophysics, nuclear physics searches, environmental monitoring and radiation metrology.
No
slide + paper
Scientifica
bolometers; double beta decay; gamma-spectroscopy; alpha spectroscopy; low temperatures; dark matter
English
Conference on Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detector Physics III
Pobes, C., Brofferio, C., Bucci, C., Cremonesi, O., Fiorini, E., Giuliani, A., et al. (2001). Low-temperature high-Z gamma-detectors with very high energy resolution. Intervento presentato a: Conference on Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detector Physics III, San Diego, USA [10.1117/12.450760].
Pobes, C; Brofferio, C; Bucci, C; Cremonesi, O; Fiorini, E; Giuliani, A; Nucciotti, A; Pavan, M; Pedretti, M; Pessina, G; Pirro, S; Previtali, E; Sisti, M; Vanzini, M; Zanotti, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/154205
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