Purpose The aim of this paper is to define the requirements and describe the design and implementation of a standard benchmark tool for evaluation and validation of PET-auto-segmentation (PET-AS) algorithms. This work follows the recommendations of Task Group 211 (TG211) appointed by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM). Methods The recommendations published in the AAPM TG211 report were used to derive a set of required features and to guide the design and structure of a benchmarking software tool. These items included the selection of appropriate representative data and reference contours obtained from established approaches and the description of available metrics. The benchmark was designed in a way that it could be extendable and open to the implementation of bespoke segmentation methods, while maintaining its main purpose of being a standard testing platform for newly developed PET-AS methods. An example of implementation of the proposed framework, named PETASset, was built. In this work, a selection of PET-AS methods representing common approaches to PET image segmentation were evaluated within PETASset for the purpose of testing and demonstrating the capabilities of the software as a benchmark platform. Results A selection of clinical, physical and simulated phantom data, including “best estimates” reference contours from macroscopic specimens, simulation template, and CT scans was built into the PETASset application database. Specific metrics such as Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC), Positive Predictive Value (PPV), and Sensitivity (S), were included to allow the user to compare the results of any given PET-AS algorithm to the reference contours. In addition, a tool to generate structured reports on the evaluation of the performance of PET-AS algorithms against the reference contours was built. The variation of the metric agreement values with the reference contours across the PET-AS methods evaluated for demonstration were between 0.51 and 0.83, 0.44 and 0.86, and 0.61 and 1.00 for DSC, PPV, and the S metric, respectively. Examples of agreement limits were provided to show how the software could be used to evaluate a new algorithm against the existing state-of-the art. Conclusions PETASset provides a platform that allows standardizing the evaluation and comparison of different PET-AS methods on a wide range of PET datasets. The developed platform will be available to users willing to evaluate their PET-AS methods and contribute more evaluation datasets.

Berthon, B., Spezi, E., Galavis, P., Shepherd, T., Apte, A., Hatt, M., et al. (2017). Towards a standard for the evaluation of PET Auto-Segmentation methods: requirements and implementation. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 44(8), 4098-4111 [10.1002/mp.12312].

Towards a standard for the evaluation of PET Auto-Segmentation methods: requirements and implementation

De Bernardi, E;
2017

Abstract

Purpose The aim of this paper is to define the requirements and describe the design and implementation of a standard benchmark tool for evaluation and validation of PET-auto-segmentation (PET-AS) algorithms. This work follows the recommendations of Task Group 211 (TG211) appointed by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM). Methods The recommendations published in the AAPM TG211 report were used to derive a set of required features and to guide the design and structure of a benchmarking software tool. These items included the selection of appropriate representative data and reference contours obtained from established approaches and the description of available metrics. The benchmark was designed in a way that it could be extendable and open to the implementation of bespoke segmentation methods, while maintaining its main purpose of being a standard testing platform for newly developed PET-AS methods. An example of implementation of the proposed framework, named PETASset, was built. In this work, a selection of PET-AS methods representing common approaches to PET image segmentation were evaluated within PETASset for the purpose of testing and demonstrating the capabilities of the software as a benchmark platform. Results A selection of clinical, physical and simulated phantom data, including “best estimates” reference contours from macroscopic specimens, simulation template, and CT scans was built into the PETASset application database. Specific metrics such as Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC), Positive Predictive Value (PPV), and Sensitivity (S), were included to allow the user to compare the results of any given PET-AS algorithm to the reference contours. In addition, a tool to generate structured reports on the evaluation of the performance of PET-AS algorithms against the reference contours was built. The variation of the metric agreement values with the reference contours across the PET-AS methods evaluated for demonstration were between 0.51 and 0.83, 0.44 and 0.86, and 0.61 and 1.00 for DSC, PPV, and the S metric, respectively. Examples of agreement limits were provided to show how the software could be used to evaluate a new algorithm against the existing state-of-the art. Conclusions PETASset provides a platform that allows standardizing the evaluation and comparison of different PET-AS methods on a wide range of PET datasets. The developed platform will be available to users willing to evaluate their PET-AS methods and contribute more evaluation datasets.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Positron Emission Tomography; segmentation
English
4098
4111
14
Berthon, B., Spezi, E., Galavis, P., Shepherd, T., Apte, A., Hatt, M., et al. (2017). Towards a standard for the evaluation of PET Auto-Segmentation methods: requirements and implementation. MEDICAL PHYSICS, 44(8), 4098-4111 [10.1002/mp.12312].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/153206
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