Data on the indicators of environmental impact of tire debris, originated from the tire abrasion on roads, are extremely scarce, while it is well known that tires may produce deleterious effects. Tire debris contains significant quantities of zinc (Zn) which may be released by tire rubber. We have used tire particles (TD) produced in laboratory from new rubber. Two sets of experiments were set up to obtain eluates. One set used 50 and 100 g/L TD to produce eluates at pH 3-7. The Zn quantity was measured with a Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry. The eluates at 1%,10%,50%,100% concentrations in culture media were tested on Raphidocelis subcapitata, Daphnia magna and Xenopus laevis embryos (FETAX test). The other set of experiments was performed putting 250 mg/L TD in a column with glass beads to control particle dispersion during the elution process. We demonstrate that factors such as pH, size and particles aggregation deeply influence the elution process, that the amount of Zn leached from particles is related to their aggregation rather than their quantity. These results, even though do not reflect the real environmental toxicity of the leachates, can be successfully used for comparative purposes allowing an initial assessment of the potential effect of tire derived particles.

Gualtieri, M., Andrioletti, M., Vismara, C., Milani, M., Camatini, M. (2005). Toxicity of tire debris leachates. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, 31(5), 723-730 [10.1016/j.envint.2005.02.001].

Toxicity of tire debris leachates

GUALTIERI, MAURIZIO;CAMATINI, MARINA CARLA
2005

Abstract

Data on the indicators of environmental impact of tire debris, originated from the tire abrasion on roads, are extremely scarce, while it is well known that tires may produce deleterious effects. Tire debris contains significant quantities of zinc (Zn) which may be released by tire rubber. We have used tire particles (TD) produced in laboratory from new rubber. Two sets of experiments were set up to obtain eluates. One set used 50 and 100 g/L TD to produce eluates at pH 3-7. The Zn quantity was measured with a Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry. The eluates at 1%,10%,50%,100% concentrations in culture media were tested on Raphidocelis subcapitata, Daphnia magna and Xenopus laevis embryos (FETAX test). The other set of experiments was performed putting 250 mg/L TD in a column with glass beads to control particle dispersion during the elution process. We demonstrate that factors such as pH, size and particles aggregation deeply influence the elution process, that the amount of Zn leached from particles is related to their aggregation rather than their quantity. These results, even though do not reflect the real environmental toxicity of the leachates, can be successfully used for comparative purposes allowing an initial assessment of the potential effect of tire derived particles.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Motor Vehicles; Solubility; Refuse Disposal; Animals; Toxicity Tests; Zinc; Algae, Green; Particle Size; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Daphnia; Embryo, Nonmammalian; Rubber; Xenopus laevis
English
2005
31
5
723
730
none
Gualtieri, M., Andrioletti, M., Vismara, C., Milani, M., Camatini, M. (2005). Toxicity of tire debris leachates. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, 31(5), 723-730 [10.1016/j.envint.2005.02.001].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/15239
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