An important, 2.4 km-thick Triassic succession is exposed at Nakhlak (central Iran). This succession was deformed during the Cimmerian orogeny and truncated by an angular unconformity with undeformed Upper Cretaceous sediments. This integrated stratigraphic study of the Triassic included bed-by-bed sampling for ammonoids, conodonts and bivalves, as well as limestone and sandstone petrographic analyses. The Nakhlak Group succession consists of three formations: Alam (Olenekian–Anisian), Ba¯qoroq (?Upper Anisian–Ladinian) and Ashin (Upper Ladinian). The Alam Formation records several shifts from carbonate to siliciclastic deposition, the Ba¯qoroq Formation consists of continental conglomerates and the Ashin Formation documents the transition to deep-sea turbiditic sedimentation. Petrographic composition has been studied for sandstones and conglomerates. Provenance analysis for Alam and most of the Ashin samples suggests a volcanic arc setting, whereas the samples from the Ba¯qoroq Formation are related to exhumation of a metamorphic basement. The provenance data, together with the great thickness, the sudden change of facies, the abundance of volcaniclastic supply, the relatively common occurrence of tuffitic layers and the orogenic calc-alkaline affinity of the volcanism, point to sedimentation along an active margin in a forearc setting. A comparison between the Triassic of Nakhlak and the Triassic succession exposed in the erosional window of Aghdarband (Koppeh Dag, NE Iran) indicates that both were deposited along active margins. However, they do not show the same type of evolution. Nakhlak and Aghdarband have quite different ammonoid faunal affinities during the Early Triassic, but similar faunal composition from the Bithynian to Late Ladinian. These results argue against the location of Nakhlak close to Aghdarband.
Balini, M., Nicora, A., Berra, F., Garzanti, E., Levera, M., Mattei, M., et al. (2009). The Triassic stratigraphic succession of Nakhlak (central Iran), a record from an active margin. In M.F. Brunet, M. Wilmsen, & J.W. Granath (a cura di), South Caspian to Central Iran Basins (pp. 287-321). Geological Society of London [10.1144/SP312.14].
|Citazione:||Balini, M., Nicora, A., Berra, F., Garzanti, E., Levera, M., Mattei, M., et al. (2009). The Triassic stratigraphic succession of Nakhlak (central Iran), a record from an active margin. In M.F. Brunet, M. Wilmsen, & J.W. Granath (a cura di), South Caspian to Central Iran Basins (pp. 287-321). Geological Society of London [10.1144/SP312.14].|
|Titolo:||The Triassic stratigraphic succession of Nakhlak (central Iran), a record from an active margin|
|Autori:||Balini, M; Nicora, A; Berra, F; Garzanti, E; Levera, M; Mattei, M; Muttoni, M; Zanchi, A; Bollati, I; Larghi, C; Zanchetta, S; Salamati, R; Mossavvari, F|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Tipo:||Capitolo o saggio|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo del libro:||South Caspian to Central Iran Basins|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in libro|