We have performed a comparative study of the acid–base characteristics of the surfaces of anatase TiO2 and tetragonal ZrO2. To this end we performed DFT + U calculations on CO and CO2 probe molecules adsorbed both on terraces and steps of the two oxides. For titania, CO adsorption results in a moderate adsorption energy (about − 0.3 eV) and in a positive shift of the [Formula presented] stretching frequency (about + 40 cm− 1), typical of Lewis acid sites, with no clear difference in the acidity between terraces or steps. For zirconia we found a similar CO binding energy as for titania, and a CO vibrational shift that depends on the location of the Zr cation: negligible on terraces, similar to TiO2 on steps. We conclude that the acidic properties are similar in the two oxide surfaces. Things are different for CO2 adsorption. On titania the interaction is weak and surface carbonates compete with physisorbed CO2, indicating a weak basic character. On the contrary, on zirconia three types of stable carbonates have been identified. Their vibrational frequencies are consistent with IR measurements reported in the literature. The most stable species forms on steps of the t-ZrO2 surface and consists of a CO32 − unit which lies flat on the surface with the O atoms pointing towards three Zr ions. The species forms spontaneously by extraction of a lattice oxygen by an incoming CO2 molecule. The different reactivity points towards a much more pronounced basic character of zirconia compared to titania, at least if measured by CO2 adsorption.
Chen, H., Tosoni, S., & Pacchioni, G. (2016). A DFT study of the acid–base properties of anatase TiO2 and tetragonal ZrO2 by adsorption of CO and CO2 probe molecules. SURFACE SCIENCE, 652, 163-171 [10.1016/j.susc.2016.02.008].
|Citazione:||Chen, H., Tosoni, S., & Pacchioni, G. (2016). A DFT study of the acid–base properties of anatase TiO2 and tetragonal ZrO2 by adsorption of CO and CO2 probe molecules. SURFACE SCIENCE, 652, 163-171 [10.1016/j.susc.2016.02.008].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||A DFT study of the acid–base properties of anatase TiO2 and tetragonal ZrO2 by adsorption of CO and CO2 probe molecules|
|Autori:||Chen, H; Tosoni, S; Pacchioni, G|
CHEN, HSIN YI (Primo)
TOSONI, SERGIO PAOLO (Corresponding)
PACCHIONI, GIANFRANCO (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.susc.2016.02.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|