The aim was to design sterile biodegradable microparticulate drug delivery systems based on poly(DL-lactide) (PLA) and poly(-caprolactone) (PCL) and containing ivermectin (IVM), an antiparasitic drug, for subcutaneous administration in dogs. The drug delivery system should: (i) ensure a full 12-month protection upon single dose administration; (ii) be safe with particular attention regarding IVM dosage and its release, in order to prevent over dosage side effects. This preliminary work involves: polymer selection, evaluation of the effects of γ-irradiation on the polymers and IVM, investigation and set up of suitable microparticle preparation process and parameters, IVM-loaded microparticles in vitro release evaluation. Results of gel permeation chromatography analysis on the irradiated polymers and IVM mixtures showed that combination of IVM with the antioxidant α-tocopherol (TCP) reduces the damage extent induced by irradiation treatment, independently on the polymer type. Solvent evaporation process was successfully used for the preparation of PLA microparticles and appropriately modified; it was recognized as suitable for the preparation of PCL microparticles. Good process yields were achieved ranging from 76.08% to 94.72%; encapsulation efficiency was between 85.76% and 91.25%, independently from the polymer used. The type of polymer and the consequent preparation process parameters affected microparticle size that was bigger for PCL microparticles (480-800 μm) and solvent residual that was >500 ppm for PLA microparticles. In vitro release test showed significantly faster IVM release rates from PCL microparticles, with respect to PLA microparticles, suggesting that a combination of the polymers could be used to obtain the suitable drug release rate.
Dorati, R., Genta, I., Colzani, B., Tripodo, G., & Conti, B. (2015). Preliminary investigation on the design of biodegradable microparticles for ivermectin delivery: Set up of formulation parameters. DRUG DEVELOPMENT AND INDUSTRIAL PHARMACY, 41(7), 1182-1192 [10.3109/03639045.2014.935395].
|Citazione:||Dorati, R., Genta, I., Colzani, B., Tripodo, G., & Conti, B. (2015). Preliminary investigation on the design of biodegradable microparticles for ivermectin delivery: Set up of formulation parameters. DRUG DEVELOPMENT AND INDUSTRIAL PHARMACY, 41(7), 1182-1192 [10.3109/03639045.2014.935395].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Preliminary investigation on the design of biodegradable microparticles for ivermectin delivery: Set up of formulation parameters|
|Autori:||Dorati, R; Genta, I; Colzani, B; Tripodo, G; Conti, B|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||DRUG DEVELOPMENT AND INDUSTRIAL PHARMACY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/03639045.2014.935395|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|