Single-crystal Diamond Detectors (SDDs), due to their high radiation hardness, fast response time and small size, are good candidates as fast neutron detectors in those environments where the high neutron flux is an issue, such as spallation neutron sources and the next generation thermonuclear fusion plasmas, i.e. the ITER experiment. Neutron detection in SDDs is based on the collection of electron-hole pairs produced by charged particles generated by neutron interactions with 12C. Recent measurements have demonstrated the SDD capability of measuring the neutron flux with a good energy resolution and at high rates. In this work a novel detector based on a 12-pixels SDD matrix will be presented. Each pixel is equipped with an independent electronic chain: the fast shaping preamplifier coupled to a digitizer is able to combine the high rate capability and the good energy resolution. Two CAEN digitizers are compared and the possibility of performing good energy resolution measurements (< 2%) and at high rates (> 1 MHz per channel) is described. Each pixel was characterized and calibrated using an <sup>241</sup>Am source: the energy resolution was evaluated and gives a mean value of 1.73% at 5.5 MeV. The good energy resolution achieved and its uniformity between pixels are the demonstration of the capability of this novel detector as a spectrometer. This system will be installed during the next Deuterium-Tritium campaign on a collimated vertical line of sight at JET for 14MeV neutron measurements.

Rebai, M., Cazzaniga, C., Croci, G., Tardocchi, M., Cippo, E., Calvani, P., et al. (2015). Pixelated single-crystal diamond detector for fast neutron measurements. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 10(3) [10.1088/1748-0221/10/03/C03016].

Pixelated single-crystal diamond detector for fast neutron measurements

REBAI, MARICA
Primo
;
CROCI, GABRIELE;GORINI, GIUSEPPE
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

Single-crystal Diamond Detectors (SDDs), due to their high radiation hardness, fast response time and small size, are good candidates as fast neutron detectors in those environments where the high neutron flux is an issue, such as spallation neutron sources and the next generation thermonuclear fusion plasmas, i.e. the ITER experiment. Neutron detection in SDDs is based on the collection of electron-hole pairs produced by charged particles generated by neutron interactions with 12C. Recent measurements have demonstrated the SDD capability of measuring the neutron flux with a good energy resolution and at high rates. In this work a novel detector based on a 12-pixels SDD matrix will be presented. Each pixel is equipped with an independent electronic chain: the fast shaping preamplifier coupled to a digitizer is able to combine the high rate capability and the good energy resolution. Two CAEN digitizers are compared and the possibility of performing good energy resolution measurements (< 2%) and at high rates (> 1 MHz per channel) is described. Each pixel was characterized and calibrated using an 241Am source: the energy resolution was evaluated and gives a mean value of 1.73% at 5.5 MeV. The good energy resolution achieved and its uniformity between pixels are the demonstration of the capability of this novel detector as a spectrometer. This system will be installed during the next Deuterium-Tritium campaign on a collimated vertical line of sight at JET for 14MeV neutron measurements.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Diamond detectors; Instrumentation for neutron sources; Neutron sources; Plasma diagnostics - interferometry spectroscopy and imaging
English
Rebai, M., Cazzaniga, C., Croci, G., Tardocchi, M., Cippo, E., Calvani, P., et al. (2015). Pixelated single-crystal diamond detector for fast neutron measurements. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 10(3) [10.1088/1748-0221/10/03/C03016].
Rebai, M; Cazzaniga, C; Croci, G; Tardocchi, M; Cippo, E; Calvani, P; Girolami, M; Trucchi, D; Grosso, G; Gorini, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/147588
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