INTRODUCTION: Intubation compromises mucus clearance, allowing secretions to accumulate inside the endotracheal tube (ETT). The purpose of this trial was to evaluate a novel device for ETT cleaning. We hypothesized that its routine use would reduce tube occlusion due to mucus accumulation, while decreasing airway bacterial colonization. METHODS: Subjects were randomized to either the use of the device every 8 h, or the institutional standard of care (blind tracheal suction) only. ETTs were collected at extubation and analyzed with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) for quantification of mucus volume. Microbiological testing was performed on biofilm samples. Vital signs and ventilatory settings were collected at the bedside. In-hospital follow-up was conducted, and a final evaluation survey was completed by respiratory therapists. RESULTS: Seventy-four subjects expected to remain intubated for longer than 48 h were enrolled (77 ETTs, 37 treatment vs 40 controls). Treated tubes showed reduced mucus accumulation (0.56 ± 0.12 vs 0.71 ± 0.28 mL; P = .004) and reduced occlusion (6.3 ± 1.7 vs 8.9 ± 7.6%; P = .039). The HRCT slice showing the narrowest lumen within each ETT exhibited less occlusion in cleaned tubes (10.6 ± 8.0 vs 17.7 ± 13.4%, 95% CI: 2–12.1; P = .007). Data on microbial colonization showed a trend in the treatment group toward a reduced ETT-based biomass of bacteria known to cause ventilator-associated pneumonia. No adverse events were reported. The staff was satisfied by the overall safety and feasibility of the device. CONCLUSION: The endOclear is a safe and effective device. It prevents luminal occlusion, thereby better preserving ETT nominal function.

Pinciroli, R., Mietto, C., Piriyapatsom, A., Chenelle, C., Thomas, J., Pirrone, M., et al. (2016). Endotracheal tubes cleaned with a novel mechanism for secretion removal: A randomized controlled clinical study. RESPIRATORY CARE, 61(11), 1431-1439 [10.4187/respcare.04363].

Endotracheal tubes cleaned with a novel mechanism for secretion removal: A randomized controlled clinical study

PINCIROLI, RICCARDO
Primo
;
BERRA, LORENZO
2016

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Intubation compromises mucus clearance, allowing secretions to accumulate inside the endotracheal tube (ETT). The purpose of this trial was to evaluate a novel device for ETT cleaning. We hypothesized that its routine use would reduce tube occlusion due to mucus accumulation, while decreasing airway bacterial colonization. METHODS: Subjects were randomized to either the use of the device every 8 h, or the institutional standard of care (blind tracheal suction) only. ETTs were collected at extubation and analyzed with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) for quantification of mucus volume. Microbiological testing was performed on biofilm samples. Vital signs and ventilatory settings were collected at the bedside. In-hospital follow-up was conducted, and a final evaluation survey was completed by respiratory therapists. RESULTS: Seventy-four subjects expected to remain intubated for longer than 48 h were enrolled (77 ETTs, 37 treatment vs 40 controls). Treated tubes showed reduced mucus accumulation (0.56 ± 0.12 vs 0.71 ± 0.28 mL; P = .004) and reduced occlusion (6.3 ± 1.7 vs 8.9 ± 7.6%; P = .039). The HRCT slice showing the narrowest lumen within each ETT exhibited less occlusion in cleaned tubes (10.6 ± 8.0 vs 17.7 ± 13.4%, 95% CI: 2–12.1; P = .007). Data on microbial colonization showed a trend in the treatment group toward a reduced ETT-based biomass of bacteria known to cause ventilator-associated pneumonia. No adverse events were reported. The staff was satisfied by the overall safety and feasibility of the device. CONCLUSION: The endOclear is a safe and effective device. It prevents luminal occlusion, thereby better preserving ETT nominal function.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Airway obstruction; Biofilms; Intubation; VAP (Ventilator-associated pneumonia); Ventilation;
Airway obstruction; Biofilms; Intubation; VAP (Ventilator-associated pneumonia); Ventilation; Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine; Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
English
1431
1439
9
Pinciroli, R., Mietto, C., Piriyapatsom, A., Chenelle, C., Thomas, J., Pirrone, M., et al. (2016). Endotracheal tubes cleaned with a novel mechanism for secretion removal: A randomized controlled clinical study. RESPIRATORY CARE, 61(11), 1431-1439 [10.4187/respcare.04363].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/146702
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