BACKGROUND: High-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) improves motor symptoms in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), but the mechanisms are still unclear. Functional imaging evidenced pathological overactivity in motor cortical areas in advanced PD that can be normalized by effective therapies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied resting state cerebral blood flow pre-operatively and 12 months after surgery in 40 patients with advanced PD using ECD-SPECT. SPECT scans were also acquired 1 year apart in 21 matched PD controls who did not undergo surgery. Statistical analysis was performed using statistical parametric mapping (SPM2) software. In addition, we correlated brain perfusion changes after surgery with clinical improvement, assessed using the unified PD rating scale motor score (UPDRS-III). RESULTS: Patients showed marked motor improvement and medication reduction after surgery. Stimulated PD patients revealed bilateral rCBF decrements in motor cortical areas and prefrontal cortex bilaterally compared to pre-surgical condition as well as versus PD controls (p<.01 FDR corrected). Perfusion increases were found in cerebellum, temporal and occipital lobes. Clinical improvement was associated with perfusion decrements in primary motor and premotor cortices. CONCLUSIONS: Effective STN-DBS is associated with neuronal activity changes in brain regions implicated in movement programming and performance. We hypothesize that clinical benefit might be associated with stimulation-induced normalization of the abnormal overactivity within the cortico-basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical motor loop in advanced PD.

Cilia, R., Marotta, G., Landi, A., Isaias, I., Mariani, C., Vergani, F., et al. (2009). Clinical and cerebral activity changes induced by subthalamic nucleus stimulation in advanced Parkinson's disease: a prospective case-control study. CLINICAL NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSURGERY, 111(2), 140-146 [10.1016/j.clineuro.2008.09.018].

Clinical and cerebral activity changes induced by subthalamic nucleus stimulation in advanced Parkinson's disease: A prospective case-control study

CILIA, ROBERTO;ISAIAS, IOANNIS UGO;VERGANI, FRANCESCO;SGANZERLA, ERIK PIETRO;
2009

Abstract

BACKGROUND: High-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) improves motor symptoms in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), but the mechanisms are still unclear. Functional imaging evidenced pathological overactivity in motor cortical areas in advanced PD that can be normalized by effective therapies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied resting state cerebral blood flow pre-operatively and 12 months after surgery in 40 patients with advanced PD using ECD-SPECT. SPECT scans were also acquired 1 year apart in 21 matched PD controls who did not undergo surgery. Statistical analysis was performed using statistical parametric mapping (SPM2) software. In addition, we correlated brain perfusion changes after surgery with clinical improvement, assessed using the unified PD rating scale motor score (UPDRS-III). RESULTS: Patients showed marked motor improvement and medication reduction after surgery. Stimulated PD patients revealed bilateral rCBF decrements in motor cortical areas and prefrontal cortex bilaterally compared to pre-surgical condition as well as versus PD controls (p<.01 FDR corrected). Perfusion increases were found in cerebellum, temporal and occipital lobes. Clinical improvement was associated with perfusion decrements in primary motor and premotor cortices. CONCLUSIONS: Effective STN-DBS is associated with neuronal activity changes in brain regions implicated in movement programming and performance. We hypothesize that clinical benefit might be associated with stimulation-induced normalization of the abnormal overactivity within the cortico-basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical motor loop in advanced PD.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Middle Aged; Deep Brain Stimulation; Temporal Lobe; Subthalamic Nucleus; Cerebral Cortex; Motor Skills; Cerebellum; Prospective Studies; Parietal Lobe; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; Aged; Brain; Analysis of Variance; Male; Treatment Outcome; Female; Humans; Parkinson Disease; Follow-Up Studies; Motor Cortex; Recovery of Function; Prefrontal Cortex; Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon; Cerebrovascular Circulation; Case-Control Studies
English
140
146
Cilia, R., Marotta, G., Landi, A., Isaias, I., Mariani, C., Vergani, F., et al. (2009). Clinical and cerebral activity changes induced by subthalamic nucleus stimulation in advanced Parkinson's disease: a prospective case-control study. CLINICAL NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSURGERY, 111(2), 140-146 [10.1016/j.clineuro.2008.09.018].
Cilia, R; Marotta, G; Landi, A; Isaias, I; Mariani, C; Vergani, F; Benti, R; Sganzerla, E; Pezzoli, G; Antonini, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/14449
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