Chitosan (CHT) is a natural, safe, and cheap product of chitin deacetylation, widely used by several industries because of its interesting features. The availability of industrial quantities of CHT in the late 1980s enabled it to be tested in agriculture. CHT has been proven to stimulate plant growth, to protect the safety of edible products, and to induce abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in various horticultural commodities. The stimulating effect of different enzyme activities to detoxify reactive oxygen species suggests the involvement of hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide in CHT signaling. CHT could also interact with chromatin and directly affect gene expression. Recent innovative uses of CHT include synthesis of CHT nanoparticles as a valuable delivery system for fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, and micronutrients for crop growth promotion by a balanced and sustained nutrition. In addition, CHT nanoparticles can safely deliver genetic material for plant transformation. This review presents an overview on the status of the use of CHT in plant systems. Attention was given to the research that suggested the use of CHT for sustainable crop productivity.

Malerba, M., Cerana, R. (2016). Chitosan effects on plant systems. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 17(7) [10.3390/ijms17070996].

Chitosan effects on plant systems

Malerba, M
Primo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cerana, R.
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Chitosan (CHT) is a natural, safe, and cheap product of chitin deacetylation, widely used by several industries because of its interesting features. The availability of industrial quantities of CHT in the late 1980s enabled it to be tested in agriculture. CHT has been proven to stimulate plant growth, to protect the safety of edible products, and to induce abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in various horticultural commodities. The stimulating effect of different enzyme activities to detoxify reactive oxygen species suggests the involvement of hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide in CHT signaling. CHT could also interact with chromatin and directly affect gene expression. Recent innovative uses of CHT include synthesis of CHT nanoparticles as a valuable delivery system for fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, and micronutrients for crop growth promotion by a balanced and sustained nutrition. In addition, CHT nanoparticles can safely deliver genetic material for plant transformation. This review presents an overview on the status of the use of CHT in plant systems. Attention was given to the research that suggested the use of CHT for sustainable crop productivity.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Chitosan; Defense responses; Fertilizers; Herbicides; Micronutrients; Nanoparticles; Pesticides;
chitosan; defense responses; fertilizers; herbicides; micronutrients; nanoparticles; pesticides
English
Malerba, M., Cerana, R. (2016). Chitosan effects on plant systems. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 17(7) [10.3390/ijms17070996].
Malerba, M; Cerana, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/141801
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