Perfluoropentane (PFP)-based oxygen-loaded nanobubbles (OLNBs) were previously proposed as adjuvant therapeutic tools for pathologies of different etiology sharing hypoxia as a common feature, including cancer, infection, and autoimmunity. Here we introduce a new platform of oxygen nanocarriers, based on 2H,3H-decafluoropentane (DFP) as core fluorocarbon. These new nanocarriers have been named oxygen-loaded nanodroplets (OLNDs) since DFP is liquid at body temperature, unlike gaseous PFP. Dextran-shelled OLNDs, available either in liquid or gel formulations, display spherical morphology, ∼600 nm diameters, anionic charge, good oxygen carrying capacity, and no toxic effects on human keratinocytes after cell internalization. In vitro OLNDs result more effective in releasing oxygen to hypoxic environments than former OLNBs, as demonstrated by analysis through oxymetry. In vivo, OLNDs effectively enhance oxy-hemoglobin levels, as emerged from investigation by photoacoustic imaging. Interestingly, ultrasound (US) treatment further improves transdermal oxygen release from OLNDs. Taken together, these data suggest that US-activated, DFP-based OLNDs might be innovative, suitable and cost-effective devices to topically treat hypoxia-associated pathologies of the cutaneous tissues.
Prato M., Magnetto C., Jose J., Khadjavi A., Cavallo F., Quaglino E., et al. (2015). 2H,3H-decafluoropentane-based nanodroplets: New perspectives for oxygen delivery to hypoxic cutaneous tissues. PLOS ONE, 10(3).
|Citazione:||Prato M., Magnetto C., Jose J., Khadjavi A., Cavallo F., Quaglino E., et al. (2015). 2H,3H-decafluoropentane-based nanodroplets: New perspectives for oxygen delivery to hypoxic cutaneous tissues. PLOS ONE, 10(3).|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||2H,3H-decafluoropentane-based nanodroplets: New perspectives for oxygen delivery to hypoxic cutaneous tissues|
|Autori:||Prato M.; Magnetto C.; Jose J.; Khadjavi A.; Cavallo F.; Quaglino E.; Panariti A.; Rivolta I.; Benintende E.; Varetto G.; Argenziano M.; Troia A.; Cavalli R.; Guiot C.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119769|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|