OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical utility of the CAMUNI-MATISS 20-year risk score, recently validated for the Italian population, as additional screening tool for individuals at "low" (ESC-SCORE Project predicted 10-year risk ≤ 1%; no preventive action), "intermediate" (ESC-SCORE 1-4%; lifestyle modification/statin treatment) and "high" risk (ESC-SCORE≥ 4% or diabetes; statin treatment) according to the Italian regulation. DESIGN AND METHOD: 40-65 years old initially CVD-free participants to 7 population-based cohorts enrolled in Northern and Central Italy between 1986 and 1996 were followed-up (median 16 years, IQR: 12-20) to the first occurrence of coronary event or ischemic stroke (fatal or non-fatal), coronary or carotid revascularizations. The CAMUNI-MATISS 20-year score includes age, total- and HDL-cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, anti-hypertensive treatment, smoking and diabetes. We estimated the Net Benefit (NB), a weigthed difference between true and false positives. To assess the utility of the CAMUNI-MATISS score, weights were set such that the NB of using the ESC-SCORE risk alone was zero. RESULTS: Study sample included 3935 men (468 events, observed 20-year risk: 15%) and 4393 women (210 events, 20-year risk: 7%). The "intermediate" risk category accounted for 76% of men, 40% of which could have been selected for preventive action based on their predicted 20-year risk, with a Net Benefit of 4.1 (95% CI: 2.7-5.6). In the "high" risk category (21% of men), the NB of the 20-year risk score to trigger treatment intensification was 7.1 (1.8-10.9). The "low" and "intermediate" risk categories accounted for 74% and 21% of women, respectively. About 40% in each category could have been selected for preventive action based on their predicted 20-year risk, with a Net Benefit of 1.3 (95%CI:0.6-2.1) and 4.1 (2.7-5.6), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In the Italian population, a combination of validated short- and long-term CVD risk scores allows selecting for preventive action initiation/intensification individuals whose risk is currently not fully addressed, and reducing un-necessary, costly overtreatment

Veronesi, G., Giampaoli, S., Gianfagna, F., Palmieri, L., Vanuzzo, D., Grassi, G., et al. (2016). Combining short- and long-term risk scores in primary prevention of major cardiovascular disease events in low incidence populations: an assessment of clinical utility. JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 34(suppl 1), e63-e64 [10.1097/01.hjh.0000500017.76873.1f].

Combining short- and long-term risk scores in primary prevention of major cardiovascular disease events in low incidence populations: an assessment of clinical utility

GRASSI, GUIDO;CESANA, GIANCARLO
Penultimo
;
2016

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical utility of the CAMUNI-MATISS 20-year risk score, recently validated for the Italian population, as additional screening tool for individuals at "low" (ESC-SCORE Project predicted 10-year risk ≤ 1%; no preventive action), "intermediate" (ESC-SCORE 1-4%; lifestyle modification/statin treatment) and "high" risk (ESC-SCORE≥ 4% or diabetes; statin treatment) according to the Italian regulation. DESIGN AND METHOD: 40-65 years old initially CVD-free participants to 7 population-based cohorts enrolled in Northern and Central Italy between 1986 and 1996 were followed-up (median 16 years, IQR: 12-20) to the first occurrence of coronary event or ischemic stroke (fatal or non-fatal), coronary or carotid revascularizations. The CAMUNI-MATISS 20-year score includes age, total- and HDL-cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, anti-hypertensive treatment, smoking and diabetes. We estimated the Net Benefit (NB), a weigthed difference between true and false positives. To assess the utility of the CAMUNI-MATISS score, weights were set such that the NB of using the ESC-SCORE risk alone was zero. RESULTS: Study sample included 3935 men (468 events, observed 20-year risk: 15%) and 4393 women (210 events, 20-year risk: 7%). The "intermediate" risk category accounted for 76% of men, 40% of which could have been selected for preventive action based on their predicted 20-year risk, with a Net Benefit of 4.1 (95% CI: 2.7-5.6). In the "high" risk category (21% of men), the NB of the 20-year risk score to trigger treatment intensification was 7.1 (1.8-10.9). The "low" and "intermediate" risk categories accounted for 74% and 21% of women, respectively. About 40% in each category could have been selected for preventive action based on their predicted 20-year risk, with a Net Benefit of 1.3 (95%CI:0.6-2.1) and 4.1 (2.7-5.6), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In the Italian population, a combination of validated short- and long-term CVD risk scores allows selecting for preventive action initiation/intensification individuals whose risk is currently not fully addressed, and reducing un-necessary, costly overtreatment
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
epidemiology, cardiovascular disease, score
English
e63
e64
2
Veronesi, G., Giampaoli, S., Gianfagna, F., Palmieri, L., Vanuzzo, D., Grassi, G., et al. (2016). Combining short- and long-term risk scores in primary prevention of major cardiovascular disease events in low incidence populations: an assessment of clinical utility. JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 34(suppl 1), e63-e64 [10.1097/01.hjh.0000500017.76873.1f].
Veronesi, G; Giampaoli, S; Gianfagna, F; Palmieri, L; Vanuzzo, D; Grassi, G; Cesana, G; Ferrario, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/141328
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