Many features suggest that a genetically mediated abnormality of the IgA immune response is central in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Candidate disease susceptibility genes include those encoding the MHC class II antigens, HLA-DR, -DQ, and -DP, and we have recently described an HLA-DQB1 association in IgAN. Polymorphisms of the HLA-DP region loci have been shown to associate with autoimmune diseases which share immunological features with IgAN; coeliac disease (CD) and dermatitis herpetiformis (DH). We have therefore examined restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) of the DP alpha and DP beta chain genes (DPA1 and DPB1 respectively) in IgAN, and have studied three caucasoid populations (North, Mid, Southern Europe) to determine whether ethnic variation in genetic susceptibility exists. DNA was extracted from blood (IgAN, UK n = 89, Italy n = 75, Finland n = 49; Controls, UK n = 99, Italy n = 54, Finland n = 45), and studied by Southern blot hybridization techniques using the restriction enzymes BgI II and Msp I and cDNA 32P-labelled DPA1 and DPB1 probes respectively. The frequency distribution of the DPA1 and DPB1 fragments was similar between the three caucasoid IgAN patient groups compared to their respective controls. There was no association of DPA1 or DPB1 RFLPs with clinical features. These results suggest that HLA-DP region genes are not important in conferring disease susceptibility to IgAN and do not influence clinical disease expression. Moreover, different immunogenetic mechanisms operate in IgAN, CD, and DH

Moore, R., Hitman, G., Medcraft, J., Sinico, R., Mustonen, J., Lucas, E., et al. (1992). HLA-DP region gene polymorphism in primary IgA nephropathy: no association. NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION, 7(3), 200-204 [10.1093/oxfordjournals.ndt.a092105].

HLA-DP region gene polymorphism in primary IgA nephropathy: no association

SINICO, RENATO ALBERTO;
1992

Abstract

Many features suggest that a genetically mediated abnormality of the IgA immune response is central in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Candidate disease susceptibility genes include those encoding the MHC class II antigens, HLA-DR, -DQ, and -DP, and we have recently described an HLA-DQB1 association in IgAN. Polymorphisms of the HLA-DP region loci have been shown to associate with autoimmune diseases which share immunological features with IgAN; coeliac disease (CD) and dermatitis herpetiformis (DH). We have therefore examined restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) of the DP alpha and DP beta chain genes (DPA1 and DPB1 respectively) in IgAN, and have studied three caucasoid populations (North, Mid, Southern Europe) to determine whether ethnic variation in genetic susceptibility exists. DNA was extracted from blood (IgAN, UK n = 89, Italy n = 75, Finland n = 49; Controls, UK n = 99, Italy n = 54, Finland n = 45), and studied by Southern blot hybridization techniques using the restriction enzymes BgI II and Msp I and cDNA 32P-labelled DPA1 and DPB1 probes respectively. The frequency distribution of the DPA1 and DPB1 fragments was similar between the three caucasoid IgAN patient groups compared to their respective controls. There was no association of DPA1 or DPB1 RFLPs with clinical features. These results suggest that HLA-DP region genes are not important in conferring disease susceptibility to IgAN and do not influence clinical disease expression. Moreover, different immunogenetic mechanisms operate in IgAN, CD, and DH
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Glomerulonephritis, IGA; HLA-DP Antigens; Humans; Polymorphism, Genetic
English
200
204
5
Moore, R., Hitman, G., Medcraft, J., Sinico, R., Mustonen, J., Lucas, E., et al. (1992). HLA-DP region gene polymorphism in primary IgA nephropathy: no association. NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION, 7(3), 200-204 [10.1093/oxfordjournals.ndt.a092105].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/140074
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