Because of its immunomodulatory and anticancer activities, IFNgamma has been used as an anticancer drug in several clinical studies, unfortunately with modest results. Attempts to increase the response by increasing the dose or by repeated continuous injection often resulted in lower efficacy, likely due to counterregulatory effects. We show here that targeted delivery of low doses of IFNgamma to CD13, a marker of angiogenic vessels, can overcome major counterregulatory mechanisms and delay tumor growth in two murine models that respond poorly to IFNgamma. Tumor vascular targeting was achieved by coupling IFNgamma to GCNGRC, a CD13 ligand, by genetic engineering technology. The dose-response curve was bell-shaped. Maximal effects were induced with a dose of 0.005 microg/kg, about 500-fold lower than the dose used in patients. Nontargeted IFNgamma induced little or no effects over a range of 0.003 to 250 microg/kg. Studies on the mechanism of action showed that low doses of targeted IFNgamma could activate tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-dependent antitumor mechanisms, whereas high doses of either targeted or nontargeted IFNgamma induced soluble TNF-receptor shedding in circulation, a known counterregulatory mechanism of TNF activity. These findings suggest that antitumor activity and counterregulatory mechanisms could be uncoupled by tumor vascular targeting with extremely low doses of IFNgamma.
Curnis, F., Gasparri, A., Sacchi, A., Cattaneo, A., Magni, F., & Corti, A. (2005). Targeted delivery of IFNgamma to tumor vessels uncouples antitumor from counterregulatory mechanisms. CANCER RESEARCH, 65(7), 2906-2913.
|Citazione:||Curnis, F., Gasparri, A., Sacchi, A., Cattaneo, A., Magni, F., & Corti, A. (2005). Targeted delivery of IFNgamma to tumor vessels uncouples antitumor from counterregulatory mechanisms. CANCER RESEARCH, 65(7), 2906-2913.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||Targeted delivery of IFNgamma to tumor vessels uncouples antitumor from counterregulatory mechanisms|
|Autori:||Curnis, F; Gasparri, A; Sacchi, A; Cattaneo, A; Magni, F; Corti, A|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-apr-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-04-4282|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|