Aviation is a fast growing sector with increasing environmental concerns linked to aircraft emissions at airports and noise nuisance. This paper investigates the factors affecting the annual environmental effects produced by a national aviation system. The environmental effects are computed using certification data for each aircraft-engine combination. Moreover, we also take into account for the amount of environmental effects that is internalized at the airport, mainly through noise regulation. We study a dataset covering information on Italian airports during the period 1999–2008. We show that a 1% increase in airport's yearly movements yields a 1.05% increase in environmental effects, a 1% in aircraft size (measured in MTOW) gives rise to a 1.8% increase and a 1% increase in aircraft age generates a 0.69% increase in environmental effects. Similar results but with smaller magnitudes are observed if airport internalization is considered. Our policy implications are that the tariff internalizing the total amount of externality is about euro 180 per flight, while the tariff limiting only pollution is about euro 60 and the one reducing noise is about euro 110. Moreover, our airport examples show that managers should prefer to address additional capacity by increasing frequency rather than aircraft size, since the former strategy is more environmental friendly.

Grampella, M., Martini, G., Scotti, D., TASSAN GOT, F., Zambon, G. (2017). Determinants of airports’ environmental effects. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH. PART D, TRANSPORT AND ENVIRONMENT, 50, 327-344 [10.1016/j.trd.2016.11.007].

Determinants of airports’ environmental effects

GRAMPELLA, MATTIA
Primo
;
TASSAN GOT, FAUSTO;ZAMBON, GIOVANNI
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Aviation is a fast growing sector with increasing environmental concerns linked to aircraft emissions at airports and noise nuisance. This paper investigates the factors affecting the annual environmental effects produced by a national aviation system. The environmental effects are computed using certification data for each aircraft-engine combination. Moreover, we also take into account for the amount of environmental effects that is internalized at the airport, mainly through noise regulation. We study a dataset covering information on Italian airports during the period 1999–2008. We show that a 1% increase in airport's yearly movements yields a 1.05% increase in environmental effects, a 1% in aircraft size (measured in MTOW) gives rise to a 1.8% increase and a 1% increase in aircraft age generates a 0.69% increase in environmental effects. Similar results but with smaller magnitudes are observed if airport internalization is considered. Our policy implications are that the tariff internalizing the total amount of externality is about euro 180 per flight, while the tariff limiting only pollution is about euro 60 and the one reducing noise is about euro 110. Moreover, our airport examples show that managers should prefer to address additional capacity by increasing frequency rather than aircraft size, since the former strategy is more environmental friendly.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Airport noise and pollution; Factors affecting externalities; Environmental charges; Fixed effect panel data econometric model
English
327
344
18
Grampella, M., Martini, G., Scotti, D., TASSAN GOT, F., Zambon, G. (2017). Determinants of airports’ environmental effects. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH. PART D, TRANSPORT AND ENVIRONMENT, 50, 327-344 [10.1016/j.trd.2016.11.007].
Grampella, M; Martini, G; Scotti, D; TASSAN GOT, F; Zambon, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/137813
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