The process of mixing sea and river water can be utilised as a power source. At present, three groups of technology are established for doing so; i) mechanical; Pressure Retarded Osmosis PRO, ii) electrochemical reactions; Reverse ElectroDialysis (RED) and Nano Battery Electrodes (NBE) and iii) ultra capacitors; Capacitive Double Layer Expansion (CDLE) and Capacitors charge by the Donnan Potentials (CDP). The chemical potential for salt gradient power systems is only limited by the feed solution concentrations and is the same for all types of salt power branches, but the electric work to the grid, however, relies on the route of conversion and means chosen therein. The CAPMIX project is a joint project to develop and explore ultra capacitors for doing so. Ultra-capacitor materials can interact with sea and river water in order to be deployed as an electricity source. The author consortium is currently exploring two routes to extract the potential free energy from mixing sea and river water by such means. These two routes are the Capacitive Double Layer Expansion (CDLE) and Capacitors charge by the Donnan Potentials (CDP), which are both recently reported, since 2009. The denominator of the two processes is the porous carbon capacitors constituting the capacitors where the chemical energy is converted into electric energy (current). The CDP differs from the CDLE mainly because it includes the use of membranes in addition to the capacitor materials. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd

Bijmans, M., Burheim, O., Bryjak, M., Delgado, A., Hack, P., Mantegazza, F., et al. (2012). CAPMIX - Deploying capacitors for salt gradient power extraction. ENERGY PROCEDIA, 20, 108-115 [10.1016/j.egypro.2012.03.013].

CAPMIX - Deploying capacitors for salt gradient power extraction

MANTEGAZZA, FRANCESCO;
2012

Abstract

The process of mixing sea and river water can be utilised as a power source. At present, three groups of technology are established for doing so; i) mechanical; Pressure Retarded Osmosis PRO, ii) electrochemical reactions; Reverse ElectroDialysis (RED) and Nano Battery Electrodes (NBE) and iii) ultra capacitors; Capacitive Double Layer Expansion (CDLE) and Capacitors charge by the Donnan Potentials (CDP). The chemical potential for salt gradient power systems is only limited by the feed solution concentrations and is the same for all types of salt power branches, but the electric work to the grid, however, relies on the route of conversion and means chosen therein. The CAPMIX project is a joint project to develop and explore ultra capacitors for doing so. Ultra-capacitor materials can interact with sea and river water in order to be deployed as an electricity source. The author consortium is currently exploring two routes to extract the potential free energy from mixing sea and river water by such means. These two routes are the Capacitive Double Layer Expansion (CDLE) and Capacitors charge by the Donnan Potentials (CDP), which are both recently reported, since 2009. The denominator of the two processes is the porous carbon capacitors constituting the capacitors where the chemical energy is converted into electric energy (current). The CDP differs from the CDLE mainly because it includes the use of membranes in addition to the capacitor materials. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Blue energy; Capacitive donnan potential (CDP); Capacitive double layer expansion (CDLE); Pressure retarded osmosis (PRO); Reverse electrodialysis (RED); Salt gradient power (SGP); Energy (all)
English
108
115
8
Technoport 2012 - Sharing Possibilities and 2nd Renewable Energy Research Conference, RERC 2012; Trondheim; Norway; 16 April 2012 through 18 April 2012
Bijmans, M., Burheim, O., Bryjak, M., Delgado, A., Hack, P., Mantegazza, F., et al. (2012). CAPMIX - Deploying capacitors for salt gradient power extraction. ENERGY PROCEDIA, 20, 108-115 [10.1016/j.egypro.2012.03.013].
Bijmans, M; Burheim, O; Bryjak, M; Delgado, A; Hack, P; Mantegazza, F; Tenisson, S; Hamelers, H
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/135671
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