The emergence and diffusion of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has been a major public health problem for many years now. In this study, antibiotic-resistance of coliforms and Escherichia coli were investigated after their isolation from samples collected in a municipal wastewater treatment plant in the Milan area (Italy) along different points of the treatment sequence: inflow to biological treatment; outflow from biological treatment following rapid sand filtration; and outflow from peracetic acid disinfection. The presence of E. coli that showed resistance to ampicillin (AMP) and chloramphenicol (CAF), used as representative antibiotics for the efficacy against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, was evaluated. After determining E. coli survival using increasing AMP and CAF concentrations, specific single-resistant (AMPR or CAFR) and double-resistant (AMPR/CAFR) strains were identified among E. coli colonies, through amplification of the β-lactamase Tem-1 (bla) and acetyl-transferase catA1 (cat) gene sequences. While a limited number of CAFR bacteria was observed, most AMPR colonies showed the specific resistance genes to both antibiotics, which was mainly due to the presence of the bla gene sequence. The peracetic acid, used as disinfection agent, showed to be very effective in reducing bacteria at the negligible levels of less than 10 CFU/100 mL, compatible with those admitted for the irrigation use of treated waters.

Zanotto, C., Bissa, M., Illiano, E., Mezzanotte, V., Marazzi, F., Turolla, A., et al. (2016). Identification of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from a municipal wastewater treatment plant. CHEMOSPHERE, 164, 627-633 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.08.040].

Identification of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from a municipal wastewater treatment plant

MEZZANOTTE, VALERIA FEDERICA MARIA;MARAZZI, FRANCESCA ALICE;
2016

Abstract

The emergence and diffusion of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has been a major public health problem for many years now. In this study, antibiotic-resistance of coliforms and Escherichia coli were investigated after their isolation from samples collected in a municipal wastewater treatment plant in the Milan area (Italy) along different points of the treatment sequence: inflow to biological treatment; outflow from biological treatment following rapid sand filtration; and outflow from peracetic acid disinfection. The presence of E. coli that showed resistance to ampicillin (AMP) and chloramphenicol (CAF), used as representative antibiotics for the efficacy against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, was evaluated. After determining E. coli survival using increasing AMP and CAF concentrations, specific single-resistant (AMPR or CAFR) and double-resistant (AMPR/CAFR) strains were identified among E. coli colonies, through amplification of the β-lactamase Tem-1 (bla) and acetyl-transferase catA1 (cat) gene sequences. While a limited number of CAFR bacteria was observed, most AMPR colonies showed the specific resistance genes to both antibiotics, which was mainly due to the presence of the bla gene sequence. The peracetic acid, used as disinfection agent, showed to be very effective in reducing bacteria at the negligible levels of less than 10 CFU/100 mL, compatible with those admitted for the irrigation use of treated waters.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Antibiotic resistance; bla and cat genes; Escherichia coli; WWTPs;
Antibiotic resistance; bla and cat genes; Escherichia coli; WWTPs; Chemistry (all); Environmental Chemistry; Medicine (all)
English
627
633
7
Zanotto, C., Bissa, M., Illiano, E., Mezzanotte, V., Marazzi, F., Turolla, A., et al. (2016). Identification of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from a municipal wastewater treatment plant. CHEMOSPHERE, 164, 627-633 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.08.040].
Zanotto, C; Bissa, M; Illiano, E; Mezzanotte, V; Marazzi, F; Turolla, A; Antonelli, M; De Giuli Morghen, C; Radaelli, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/134751
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