Background: Congenital CMV (cCMV) infection is a serious public health issue due to both its worldwide prevalence and the severe and permanent impairments it causes. However, awareness of this infection is low in the general population and among pregnant women, and it also seems to be generally disregarded by healthcare providers. The identification of factors behind this inadequate level of knowledge could provide a basis for future preventive measures. This study aimed at evaluating awareness of CMV and cCMV infection and its correlation with socio-demographic variables in a general population. Methods: The survey was carried out by computer-assisted web interviewing (CAWI). A questionnaire was sent via e-mail to the 70,975 individuals who comprised the whole population (students, administrative staff, teaching staff) of Milan University, Italy in 2015. Results: Out of the 10,190 respondents, 5,351 (52.5 %) had already heard of CMV but only 3,216 (31.8 %) knew that this virus could be implicated in congenital infection. Urine and breastfeeding were the least recognized transmission routes for CMV infection; less than half of respondents accurately identified the right symptoms and sequelae caused by cCMV infection. The correct hygienic measures against cCMV infection were identified in percentages ranging from 55.6 to 75 % depending on the measures proposed but about one in three of interviewees deemed those measures unnecessary in the event of a pregnant woman already being CMV seropositive. From the mean knowledge scores the most complete quality of awareness of CMV turned out to be linked to childbearing-age (25-40 year) and with not having children, even if results for non-parents showed less of them having heard of cCMV than parents. Conclusion: Our results indicate a limited and confused awareness of cCMV infection in a large, fairly young and well-educated Italian population.

Binda, S., Pellegrinelli, L., Terraneo, M., Caserini, A., Primache, V., Bubba, L., et al. (2016). What people know about congenital CMV: An analysis of a large heterogeneous population through a web-based survey. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 16(1), 513-523 [10.1186/s12879-016-1861-z].

What people know about congenital CMV: An analysis of a large heterogeneous population through a web-based survey

TERRANEO, MARCO
;
CASERINI, ALESSANDRA
;
2016

Abstract

Background: Congenital CMV (cCMV) infection is a serious public health issue due to both its worldwide prevalence and the severe and permanent impairments it causes. However, awareness of this infection is low in the general population and among pregnant women, and it also seems to be generally disregarded by healthcare providers. The identification of factors behind this inadequate level of knowledge could provide a basis for future preventive measures. This study aimed at evaluating awareness of CMV and cCMV infection and its correlation with socio-demographic variables in a general population. Methods: The survey was carried out by computer-assisted web interviewing (CAWI). A questionnaire was sent via e-mail to the 70,975 individuals who comprised the whole population (students, administrative staff, teaching staff) of Milan University, Italy in 2015. Results: Out of the 10,190 respondents, 5,351 (52.5 %) had already heard of CMV but only 3,216 (31.8 %) knew that this virus could be implicated in congenital infection. Urine and breastfeeding were the least recognized transmission routes for CMV infection; less than half of respondents accurately identified the right symptoms and sequelae caused by cCMV infection. The correct hygienic measures against cCMV infection were identified in percentages ranging from 55.6 to 75 % depending on the measures proposed but about one in three of interviewees deemed those measures unnecessary in the event of a pregnant woman already being CMV seropositive. From the mean knowledge scores the most complete quality of awareness of CMV turned out to be linked to childbearing-age (25-40 year) and with not having children, even if results for non-parents showed less of them having heard of cCMV than parents. Conclusion: Our results indicate a limited and confused awareness of cCMV infection in a large, fairly young and well-educated Italian population.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Awareness of congenital cytomegalovirus; Cytomegalovirus; Web survey;
Awareness of congenital cytomegalovirus; Cytomegalovirus; Web survey
English
513
523
11
Binda, S., Pellegrinelli, L., Terraneo, M., Caserini, A., Primache, V., Bubba, L., et al. (2016). What people know about congenital CMV: An analysis of a large heterogeneous population through a web-based survey. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 16(1), 513-523 [10.1186/s12879-016-1861-z].
Binda, S; Pellegrinelli, L; Terraneo, M; Caserini, A; Primache, V; Bubba, L; Barbi, M
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
10281-132864.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia di allegato: Publisher’s Version (Version of Record, VoR)
Dimensione 428.04 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
428.04 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/132864
Citazioni
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
Social impact