Objective: To assess the diagnostic quality of low dose (100kV) CT angiography (CTA), by using ultra-low contrast medium volume (30ml), for thoracic and abdominal aorta evaluation. Methods: 67 patients with thoracic or abdominal vascular disease underwent multidetector CT study using a 256 slice scanner, with low dose radiation protocol (automated tube current modulation, 100kV) and low contrast medium volume (30 ml; 4ml s<sup>-1</sup>). Density measurements were performed on ascending, arch, descending thoracic aorta, anonymous branch, abdominal aorta, and renal and common iliac arteries. Radiation dose exposure [dose-length product (DLP)] was calculated. A control group of 35 patients with thoracic or abdominal vascular disease were evaluated with standard CTA protocol (automated tube current modulation, 120 kV; contrast medium, 80ml). Results: In all patients, we correctly visualized and evaluated main branches of the thoracic and abdominal aorta. No difference in density measurements was achieved between low tube voltage protocol (mean attenuation value of thoracic aorta, 304HU; abdominal, 343 HU; renal arteries, 331HU) and control group (mean attenuation value of thoracic aorta, 320HU; abdominal, 339; renal arteries, 303 HU). Radiation dose exposure in low tube voltage protocol was significantly different between thoracic and abdominal low tube voltage studies (490 and 324DLP, respectively) and the control group (thoracic DLP, 1032; abdomen, DLP 1078). Conclusion: Low-tube-voltage protocol may provide a diagnostic performance comparable with that of the standard protocol, decreasing radiation dose exposure and contrast material volume amount. Advances in knowledge: Low-tube-voltage-setting protocol combined with ultra-low contrast agent volume (30 ml), by using new multidetector-row CT scanners, represents a feasible diagnostic tool to significantly reduce the radiation dose delivered to patients and to preserve renal function, while also maintaining adequate diagnostic quality images in assessment of aorta.

Ippolito, D., TALEI FRANZESI, C., Fior, D., Bonaffini, P., Minutolo, O., Sironi, S. (2015). Low kV settings CT angiography (CTA) with low dose contrast medium volume protocol in the assessment of thoracic and abdominal aorta disease: A feasibility study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, 88(1049) [10.1259/bjr.20140140].

Low kV settings CT angiography (CTA) with low dose contrast medium volume protocol in the assessment of thoracic and abdominal aorta disease: A feasibility study

IPPOLITO, DAVIDE
Primo
;
TALEI FRANZESI, CAMMILLO ROBERTO GIOVANNI LEOPOLDO
Secondo
;
FIOR, DAVIDE;BONAFFINI, PIETRO ANDREA;MINUTOLO, ORAZIO
Penultimo
;
SIRONI, SANDRO
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

Objective: To assess the diagnostic quality of low dose (100kV) CT angiography (CTA), by using ultra-low contrast medium volume (30ml), for thoracic and abdominal aorta evaluation. Methods: 67 patients with thoracic or abdominal vascular disease underwent multidetector CT study using a 256 slice scanner, with low dose radiation protocol (automated tube current modulation, 100kV) and low contrast medium volume (30 ml; 4ml s-1). Density measurements were performed on ascending, arch, descending thoracic aorta, anonymous branch, abdominal aorta, and renal and common iliac arteries. Radiation dose exposure [dose-length product (DLP)] was calculated. A control group of 35 patients with thoracic or abdominal vascular disease were evaluated with standard CTA protocol (automated tube current modulation, 120 kV; contrast medium, 80ml). Results: In all patients, we correctly visualized and evaluated main branches of the thoracic and abdominal aorta. No difference in density measurements was achieved between low tube voltage protocol (mean attenuation value of thoracic aorta, 304HU; abdominal, 343 HU; renal arteries, 331HU) and control group (mean attenuation value of thoracic aorta, 320HU; abdominal, 339; renal arteries, 303 HU). Radiation dose exposure in low tube voltage protocol was significantly different between thoracic and abdominal low tube voltage studies (490 and 324DLP, respectively) and the control group (thoracic DLP, 1032; abdomen, DLP 1078). Conclusion: Low-tube-voltage protocol may provide a diagnostic performance comparable with that of the standard protocol, decreasing radiation dose exposure and contrast material volume amount. Advances in knowledge: Low-tube-voltage-setting protocol combined with ultra-low contrast agent volume (30 ml), by using new multidetector-row CT scanners, represents a feasible diagnostic tool to significantly reduce the radiation dose delivered to patients and to preserve renal function, while also maintaining adequate diagnostic quality images in assessment of aorta.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Angiography; Aortic Diseases; Cardiac-Gated Imaging Techniques; Contrast Media; Feasibility Studies; Female; Humans; Iohexol; Male; Middle Aged; Prospective Studies; Radiation Dosage; Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted; Thoracic Diseases; Tomography, X-Ray Computed; Vascular Diseases; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging; Medicine (all)
English
Ippolito, D., TALEI FRANZESI, C., Fior, D., Bonaffini, P., Minutolo, O., Sironi, S. (2015). Low kV settings CT angiography (CTA) with low dose contrast medium volume protocol in the assessment of thoracic and abdominal aorta disease: A feasibility study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, 88(1049) [10.1259/bjr.20140140].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/130998
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