The capacitive mixing technique is aimed at producing renewable energy from salinity differences, for example between sea and river water. The technique makes use of two electrodes that modify their potential in opposite directions when the concentration of the solution in which they are immersed is changed, as a consequence of the dynamics of the electric double layer which forms in the ionic solution. Unfortunately, it is difficult to find two electrodes presenting both optimal performances and opposite potential variations. In order to overcome this problem, we present here a cell scheme with electrodes of the same kind (and thus identical dependence of potential on concentration) which can be operated with a CapMix cycle; it is based on a concentration cell with identical electrodes dipped into two compartments separated by a non-perm-selective porous diaphragm. Thanks to the cyclic operation, the actual cell voltage rise and the power production are close to the values obtained with the traditional scheme, or even higher, depending on the features of the ion transport in the liquid junction region. We present an experimental demonstration of the working principles and we study the power production and energy efficiency in the light of the theory of ion transport in fluids. We show that our technique is competitive with respect to the other CapMix techniques, with the relevant advantage that we make use of only one kind of electrode.

Marino, M., Kozynchenko, O., Tennison, S., Brogioli, D. (2016). Capacitive mixing with electrodes of the same kind for energy production from salinity differences. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONDENSED MATTER, 28(11) [10.1088/0953-8984/28/11/114004].

Capacitive mixing with electrodes of the same kind for energy production from salinity differences

MARINO, MASSIMO
Primo
;
BROGIOLI, DORIANO COSTANTINO
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

The capacitive mixing technique is aimed at producing renewable energy from salinity differences, for example between sea and river water. The technique makes use of two electrodes that modify their potential in opposite directions when the concentration of the solution in which they are immersed is changed, as a consequence of the dynamics of the electric double layer which forms in the ionic solution. Unfortunately, it is difficult to find two electrodes presenting both optimal performances and opposite potential variations. In order to overcome this problem, we present here a cell scheme with electrodes of the same kind (and thus identical dependence of potential on concentration) which can be operated with a CapMix cycle; it is based on a concentration cell with identical electrodes dipped into two compartments separated by a non-perm-selective porous diaphragm. Thanks to the cyclic operation, the actual cell voltage rise and the power production are close to the values obtained with the traditional scheme, or even higher, depending on the features of the ion transport in the liquid junction region. We present an experimental demonstration of the working principles and we study the power production and energy efficiency in the light of the theory of ion transport in fluids. We show that our technique is competitive with respect to the other CapMix techniques, with the relevant advantage that we make use of only one kind of electrode.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
activated carbon electrodes; adsorption of charged molecules; capacitive mixing; salinity gradient power;
activated carbon electrodes; adsorption of charged molecules; capacitive mixing; salinity gradient power; Condensed Matter Physics; Materials Science (all)
English
Marino, M., Kozynchenko, O., Tennison, S., Brogioli, D. (2016). Capacitive mixing with electrodes of the same kind for energy production from salinity differences. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONDENSED MATTER, 28(11) [10.1088/0953-8984/28/11/114004].
Marino, M; Kozynchenko, O; Tennison, S; Brogioli, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/128843
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