In glaciated British Columbia, Canada, Quaternary climate changes are responsible for profound spatial reorganization of Earth surface processes. These changes have left a landscape characterized by topographic anisotropy associated with a hierarchy of glacial troughs. The evolution of glaciated landscapes is examined by analyzing the structure of geomorphic process domains and channel long profiles. To identify process domains we use channel surveys and GIS analysis to construct slope-area transects of the channel network. This analysis reveals generalized process-form disequilibrium with a mismatch between topographic signatures and currently active geomorphic process domains. At the landscape scale of "source" colluvial channels (contributing area <1 km2), the glacial/paraglacial signature commonly overrides that produced by contemporary debris flows. Along the axis of former ice flows, relict glacial cirques introduce a "hanging" fluvial domain at contributing areas as small as 8 × 10-2 km2 and produce complex channel long profiles similar to those observed for rivers responding to tectonic forcing. Slope-area relations typical of unglaciated equilibrium environments do not apply here. The concept of process domains appears to hold, however, some major glacially forced modifications in the alluvial-colluvial transition are observed and the definition of a depositional colluvial subdomain is proposed. Comparison between field- and GIS-measured slopes reveals that GIS-associated error is not uniform between process domains, and that GIS-based plots do not successfully discriminate field-based process domains. The combination of glacial and post-glacial fingerprints and the effects of ongoing Earth surface processes generate a complex landscape whose glacial signatures may persist until the onset of the next ice age.

Brardinoni, F., Hassan, M. (2006). Glacial erosion, evolution of river long profiles, and the organization of process domains in mountain drainage basins of coastal British Columbia. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: EARTH SURFACE, 111(1) [10.1029/2005JF000358].

Glacial erosion, evolution of river long profiles, and the organization of process domains in mountain drainage basins of coastal British Columbia

BRARDINONI, FRANCESCO;
2006

Abstract

In glaciated British Columbia, Canada, Quaternary climate changes are responsible for profound spatial reorganization of Earth surface processes. These changes have left a landscape characterized by topographic anisotropy associated with a hierarchy of glacial troughs. The evolution of glaciated landscapes is examined by analyzing the structure of geomorphic process domains and channel long profiles. To identify process domains we use channel surveys and GIS analysis to construct slope-area transects of the channel network. This analysis reveals generalized process-form disequilibrium with a mismatch between topographic signatures and currently active geomorphic process domains. At the landscape scale of "source" colluvial channels (contributing area <1 km2), the glacial/paraglacial signature commonly overrides that produced by contemporary debris flows. Along the axis of former ice flows, relict glacial cirques introduce a "hanging" fluvial domain at contributing areas as small as 8 × 10-2 km2 and produce complex channel long profiles similar to those observed for rivers responding to tectonic forcing. Slope-area relations typical of unglaciated equilibrium environments do not apply here. The concept of process domains appears to hold, however, some major glacially forced modifications in the alluvial-colluvial transition are observed and the definition of a depositional colluvial subdomain is proposed. Comparison between field- and GIS-measured slopes reveals that GIS-associated error is not uniform between process domains, and that GIS-based plots do not successfully discriminate field-based process domains. The combination of glacial and post-glacial fingerprints and the effects of ongoing Earth surface processes generate a complex landscape whose glacial signatures may persist until the onset of the next ice age.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
glaciated orogen, longitudinal profile, process domain, topographic signature, landscape evolution
English
2006
111
1
F01013
none
Brardinoni, F., Hassan, M. (2006). Glacial erosion, evolution of river long profiles, and the organization of process domains in mountain drainage basins of coastal British Columbia. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: EARTH SURFACE, 111(1) [10.1029/2005JF000358].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/12534
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