Density functional theory has been used to investigate structural and electronic properties of complexes related to the resting form of the active site of vanadium haloperoxidase as a function of environment and protonation state. Results obtained by studying models of varying size and complexity highlight the influence of environment and protonation state on the structure and stability of the metal cofactor. The study shows that, in the trigonal bipyramidal active site, where one axial position is occupied by a key histidine, the trans position cannot contain a terminal oxo group. Further, a highly negatively charged vanadate unit is not stable. Protonation of at least one equatorial oxo ligand appears necessary to stabilize the metal cofactor. The study also indicates that, while at rest within the protein, the vanadate unit is most likely an anion with an axial hydroxide and an equatorial plane containing two oxos and a hydroxide. For the neutral, protonated state of the vanadate unit, there were two minima found. The first structure is characterized by an axial water with two oxo and one hydroxo group in the equatorial plane. The second structure contains an axial hydroxo group and an equatorial plane composed of one oxo and two hydroxo oxygen atoms. These two species are not significantly different in energy, indicating that either form may be important during the catalytic cycle. These data support the initial crystallographic assignment of an axially bound hydroxide, but an axial water is also a possibility. This study also shows that the protonation state of the vanadate ion is most likely greater than previously proposed.
|Citazione:||Zampella, G., Kravitz, J.Y., Webster, C.E., Fantucci, P., Hall, M.B., Carlson, H.A., et al. (2004). Quantum Mechanical Models of the Resting State of the Vanadium-Dependent Haloperoxidase. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 43(14), 4127-4136.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||Quantum Mechanical Models of the Resting State of the Vanadium-Dependent Haloperoxidase|
|Autori:||Zampella, G; Kravitz, JY; Webster, CE; Fantucci, P; Hall, MB; Carlson, HA; Pecoraro, VL; De Gioia, L|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|