Climate changes have increased the intensity/frequency of extreme thermal events, which represent serious threats to the health of reef-building corals. Since the vulnerability of corals exposed to thermal stresses are related to their ability to regulate Heat shock proteins (Hsps), we have analyzed together the time related expression profiles of the mitochondrial Hsp60 and the associated changes in tissue pigmentation in Seriatopora caliendrum subjected to 48 h of heat and cold treatments characterized by moderate (±2 °C) and severe (±6 °C) shocks. For the first time, an Hsp60 response was observed in a scleractinian coral exposed to cold stresses. Furthermore, the Hsp60 modulations and the changes in the tissue coloration were found to be specific for each treatment. A strong down-regulation at the end of the treatments was observed following both the severe shocks, but only the severe heat stress led to bleaching in concert with the lowest levels of Hsp60, suggesting that a severe heat shock can be more deleterious than an exposure to a severe cold temperature. On the contrary, a moderate cold stress seems to be more harmful than a moderate temperature increase, which could allow coral acclimation. Our results can provide a potential framework for understanding the physiological tolerance of corals under possible future climate changes.

Seveso, D., Montano, S., Strona, G., Orlandi, I., Galli, P., Vai, M. (2016). Hsp60 expression profiles in the reef-building coral Seriatopora caliendrum subjected to heat and cold shock regimes. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 119, 1-11 [10.1016/j.marenvres.2016.05.007].

Hsp60 expression profiles in the reef-building coral Seriatopora caliendrum subjected to heat and cold shock regimes

Seveso, D
Primo
;
Montano, S
Secondo
;
Strona, G;Orlandi, I;Galli, P
Penultimo
;
Vai, M
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Climate changes have increased the intensity/frequency of extreme thermal events, which represent serious threats to the health of reef-building corals. Since the vulnerability of corals exposed to thermal stresses are related to their ability to regulate Heat shock proteins (Hsps), we have analyzed together the time related expression profiles of the mitochondrial Hsp60 and the associated changes in tissue pigmentation in Seriatopora caliendrum subjected to 48 h of heat and cold treatments characterized by moderate (±2 °C) and severe (±6 °C) shocks. For the first time, an Hsp60 response was observed in a scleractinian coral exposed to cold stresses. Furthermore, the Hsp60 modulations and the changes in the tissue coloration were found to be specific for each treatment. A strong down-regulation at the end of the treatments was observed following both the severe shocks, but only the severe heat stress led to bleaching in concert with the lowest levels of Hsp60, suggesting that a severe heat shock can be more deleterious than an exposure to a severe cold temperature. On the contrary, a moderate cold stress seems to be more harmful than a moderate temperature increase, which could allow coral acclimation. Our results can provide a potential framework for understanding the physiological tolerance of corals under possible future climate changes.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cold stress; Coral bleaching; Down-regulation; Global climate change; Hsp60; Seriatopora caliendrum;
Cold stress; Coral bleaching; Down-regulation; Global climate change; Hsp60; Seriatopora caliendrum
English
1
11
11
Seveso, D., Montano, S., Strona, G., Orlandi, I., Galli, P., Vai, M. (2016). Hsp60 expression profiles in the reef-building coral Seriatopora caliendrum subjected to heat and cold shock regimes. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 119, 1-11 [10.1016/j.marenvres.2016.05.007].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/118049
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