How accurate are insights compared to analytical solutions? In four experiments, we investigated how participants' solving strategies influenced their solution accuracies across different types of problems, including one that was linguistic, one that was visual and two that were mixed visual-linguistic. In each experiment, participants' self-judged insight solutions were, on average, more accurate than their analytic ones. We hypothesised that insight solutions have superior accuracy because they emerge into consciousness in an all-or-nothing fashion when the unconscious solving process is complete, whereas analytic solutions can be guesses based on conscious, prematurely terminated, processing. This hypothesis is supported by the finding that participants' analytic solutions included relatively more incorrect responses (i.e., errors of commission) than timeouts (i.e., errors of omission) compared to their insight responses.

Salvi, C., Bricolo, E., Kounios, J., Bowden, E., Beeman, M. (2016). Insight solutions are correct more often than analytic solutions. THINKING AND REASONING, 22(4), 443-460 [10.1080/13546783.2016.1141798].

Insight solutions are correct more often than analytic solutions

SALVI, CAROLA
Primo
;
BRICOLO, EMANUELA
Secondo
;
2016

Abstract

How accurate are insights compared to analytical solutions? In four experiments, we investigated how participants' solving strategies influenced their solution accuracies across different types of problems, including one that was linguistic, one that was visual and two that were mixed visual-linguistic. In each experiment, participants' self-judged insight solutions were, on average, more accurate than their analytic ones. We hypothesised that insight solutions have superior accuracy because they emerge into consciousness in an all-or-nothing fashion when the unconscious solving process is complete, whereas analytic solutions can be guesses based on conscious, prematurely terminated, processing. This hypothesis is supported by the finding that participants' analytic solutions included relatively more incorrect responses (i.e., errors of commission) than timeouts (i.e., errors of omission) compared to their insight responses.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Creativity; insight; problem solving;
Creativity; insight; problem solving; Psychology (miscellaneous); Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; Philosophy
English
2016
22
4
443
460
reserved
Salvi, C., Bricolo, E., Kounios, J., Bowden, E., Beeman, M. (2016). Insight solutions are correct more often than analytic solutions. THINKING AND REASONING, 22(4), 443-460 [10.1080/13546783.2016.1141798].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/110629
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