This paper investigates the generation of hydrodynamic water waves due to rockslides plunging into a water reservoir. Quasi-3D DEM analyses in plane strain by a coupled DEM-CFD code are adopted to simulate the rockslide from its onset to the impact with the still water and the subsequent generation of the wave. The employed numerical tools and upscaling of hydraulic properties allow predicting a physical response in broad agreement with the observations notwithstanding the assumptions and characteristics of the adopted methods. The results obtained by the DEM-CFD coupled approach are compared to those published in the literature and those presented by Crosta et al. (Landslide spreading, impulse waves and modelling of the Vajont rockslide. Rock mechanics, 2014) in a companion paper obtained through an ALE-FEM method. Analyses performed along two cross sections are representative of the limit conditions of the eastern and western slope sectors. The max rockslide average velocity and the water wave velocity reach ca. 22 and 20 m/s, respectively. The maximum computed run up amounts to ca. 120 and 170 m for the eastern and western lobe cross sections, respectively. These values are reasonably similar to those recorded during the event (i.e. ca. 130 and 190 m, respectively). Therefore, the overall study lays out a possible DEM-CFD framework for the modelling of the generation of the hydrodynamic wave due to the impact of a rapid moving rockslide or rock–debris avalanche.

Zhao, T., Utili, S., Crosta, G. (2016). Rockslide and Impulse Wave Modelling in the Vajont Reservoir by DEM-CFD Analyses. ROCK MECHANICS AND ROCK ENGINEERING, 49(6), 2437-2456 [10.1007/s00603-015-0731-0].

Rockslide and Impulse Wave Modelling in the Vajont Reservoir by DEM-CFD Analyses

CROSTA, GIOVANNI
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

This paper investigates the generation of hydrodynamic water waves due to rockslides plunging into a water reservoir. Quasi-3D DEM analyses in plane strain by a coupled DEM-CFD code are adopted to simulate the rockslide from its onset to the impact with the still water and the subsequent generation of the wave. The employed numerical tools and upscaling of hydraulic properties allow predicting a physical response in broad agreement with the observations notwithstanding the assumptions and characteristics of the adopted methods. The results obtained by the DEM-CFD coupled approach are compared to those published in the literature and those presented by Crosta et al. (Landslide spreading, impulse waves and modelling of the Vajont rockslide. Rock mechanics, 2014) in a companion paper obtained through an ALE-FEM method. Analyses performed along two cross sections are representative of the limit conditions of the eastern and western slope sectors. The max rockslide average velocity and the water wave velocity reach ca. 22 and 20 m/s, respectively. The maximum computed run up amounts to ca. 120 and 170 m for the eastern and western lobe cross sections, respectively. These values are reasonably similar to those recorded during the event (i.e. ca. 130 and 190 m, respectively). Therefore, the overall study lays out a possible DEM-CFD framework for the modelling of the generation of the hydrodynamic wave due to the impact of a rapid moving rockslide or rock–debris avalanche.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
3D DEM; Coupled DEM-CFD; Impulse wave; Rapid rockslide; Vajont;
3D DEM; Coupled DEM-CFD; Impulse wave; Rapid rockslide; Vajont; Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology; Geology; Civil and Structural Engineering
English
2016
49
6
2437
2456
partially_open
Zhao, T., Utili, S., Crosta, G. (2016). Rockslide and Impulse Wave Modelling in the Vajont Reservoir by DEM-CFD Analyses. ROCK MECHANICS AND ROCK ENGINEERING, 49(6), 2437-2456 [10.1007/s00603-015-0731-0].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/109001
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