New generations of computer-based simulations of pedestrian crowd dynamics are aimed at improving both scientific knowledge about such complex social phenomena and practical use of the results for more efficient, safer management of pedestrian circulation dynamics in urban scenarios. Within this twofold framework, the validation of the developed models with field data plays a central role, and the acquisition of empirical evidence about human behavior during locomotion is mandatory. An empirical investigation of pedestrian personal space (i.e., the area surrounding an individual while walking and into which strangers cannot intrude without causing discomfort) is reported. The investigation was developed in an ad hoc experimental setting to collect meaningful data (e.g., measurements of the front zone of personal space under static and moving conditions). The main results are presented to illustrate both the adopted experimental setting and the related data-collection method. These results represent an innovative contribution toward defining a metric for the characterization of spatial interactions among pedestrians and allowing the validation of simulation models dedicated to the study of the dynamic behavior of pedestrian crowd phenomena

Gorrini, A., Shimura, K., Bandini, S., Ohtsuka, K., Nishinari, K. (2014). Experimental Investigation of Pedestrian Personal Space. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH RECORD, 2421, 57-63 [10.3141/2421-07].

Experimental Investigation of Pedestrian Personal Space

GORRINI, ANDREA
Primo
;
SHIMURA, KENICHIRO
Secondo
;
BANDINI, STEFANIA;
2014

Abstract

New generations of computer-based simulations of pedestrian crowd dynamics are aimed at improving both scientific knowledge about such complex social phenomena and practical use of the results for more efficient, safer management of pedestrian circulation dynamics in urban scenarios. Within this twofold framework, the validation of the developed models with field data plays a central role, and the acquisition of empirical evidence about human behavior during locomotion is mandatory. An empirical investigation of pedestrian personal space (i.e., the area surrounding an individual while walking and into which strangers cannot intrude without causing discomfort) is reported. The investigation was developed in an ad hoc experimental setting to collect meaningful data (e.g., measurements of the front zone of personal space under static and moving conditions). The main results are presented to illustrate both the adopted experimental setting and the related data-collection method. These results represent an innovative contribution toward defining a metric for the characterization of spatial interactions among pedestrians and allowing the validation of simulation models dedicated to the study of the dynamic behavior of pedestrian crowd phenomena
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
pedestrian, proxemics, crowd
English
57
63
7
Gorrini, A., Shimura, K., Bandini, S., Ohtsuka, K., Nishinari, K. (2014). Experimental Investigation of Pedestrian Personal Space. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH RECORD, 2421, 57-63 [10.3141/2421-07].
Gorrini, A; Shimura, K; Bandini, S; Ohtsuka, K; Nishinari, K
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/106350
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