Cell-mediated immunodeficiency, with Total and T lymphocytes count decrease, is well established in cancer patients and it predicts a poor prognosis and poor survival rates. Furthermore, major surgery induces a transient immunodeficiency, too. Nevertheless, cell-mediated immunity in pancreatic cancer, which has a very poor prognosis, has not been completely outlined. Aim of this study is to evaluate the cell-mediated IL-2 dependent immune status in operable pancreatic cancer patients and to compare it with other gastrointestinal tumors. One hundred and twenty-one cancer patients (22 pancreatic, 48 gastric and 51 colorectal), with a median age of 66 years (range 42-83), 55 males and 66 females, were enrolled. Total lymphocyte count and lymphocytes subset (T helper count - CD4+) were assessed preoperatively and on the 14th and 50th postoperative day. Results obtained were compared between the groups and related to nodal involvement (NO versus N+). Colorectal and gastric cancer patients showed quantitative lymphocyte deficiency at baseline in 29% and 41% of cases, respectively. Fourteen days after surgery values below normal range were found in 44% and 54% (Total) and 53% and 67% (T helper), respectively. Recovery of postoperative surgery-related lymphocytopenia occurred late only in patients with normal count at baseline. According to regional nodal involvement (pN0/N+) T helper deficiency was significantly more frequent in patients with nodal involvement than in patients without. In pancreatic cancer, percentage of immunodepressed patients at baseline was higher compared to the other two groups (71%). Lymphocyte count was significantly different between pancreatic and gastric/colorectal cancer, reaching a statistical significance at baseline and on the 14th and 50th postoperative day. No differences of T helper deficiency were noted according to nodal involvement (NO versus N+) neither at baseline nor in the postoperative period. In conclusion, the degree of immunosuppression varies among different tumor types: since initial stages of disease, immunodepression was significantly greater in pancreatic cancer which should be considered always a systemic disease even in early stages and indipendently from the nodal involvement and from tumor load

Romano, F., Uggeri, F., Crippa, S., Di Stefano, G., Scotti, M., Scaini, A., et al. (2004). Immunodeficiency in different histotypes of radically operable gastrointestinal cancers. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL & CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 23(2), 195-200.

Immunodeficiency in different histotypes of radically operable gastrointestinal cancers

ROMANO, FABRIZIO;UGGERI, FRANCO;UGGERI, FABIO
2004

Abstract

Cell-mediated immunodeficiency, with Total and T lymphocytes count decrease, is well established in cancer patients and it predicts a poor prognosis and poor survival rates. Furthermore, major surgery induces a transient immunodeficiency, too. Nevertheless, cell-mediated immunity in pancreatic cancer, which has a very poor prognosis, has not been completely outlined. Aim of this study is to evaluate the cell-mediated IL-2 dependent immune status in operable pancreatic cancer patients and to compare it with other gastrointestinal tumors. One hundred and twenty-one cancer patients (22 pancreatic, 48 gastric and 51 colorectal), with a median age of 66 years (range 42-83), 55 males and 66 females, were enrolled. Total lymphocyte count and lymphocytes subset (T helper count - CD4+) were assessed preoperatively and on the 14th and 50th postoperative day. Results obtained were compared between the groups and related to nodal involvement (NO versus N+). Colorectal and gastric cancer patients showed quantitative lymphocyte deficiency at baseline in 29% and 41% of cases, respectively. Fourteen days after surgery values below normal range were found in 44% and 54% (Total) and 53% and 67% (T helper), respectively. Recovery of postoperative surgery-related lymphocytopenia occurred late only in patients with normal count at baseline. According to regional nodal involvement (pN0/N+) T helper deficiency was significantly more frequent in patients with nodal involvement than in patients without. In pancreatic cancer, percentage of immunodepressed patients at baseline was higher compared to the other two groups (71%). Lymphocyte count was significantly different between pancreatic and gastric/colorectal cancer, reaching a statistical significance at baseline and on the 14th and 50th postoperative day. No differences of T helper deficiency were noted according to nodal involvement (NO versus N+) neither at baseline nor in the postoperative period. In conclusion, the degree of immunosuppression varies among different tumor types: since initial stages of disease, immunodepression was significantly greater in pancreatic cancer which should be considered always a systemic disease even in early stages and indipendently from the nodal involvement and from tumor load
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
immunodeficiency, neoplasms
English
195
200
6
Romano, F., Uggeri, F., Crippa, S., Di Stefano, G., Scotti, M., Scaini, A., et al. (2004). Immunodeficiency in different histotypes of radically operable gastrointestinal cancers. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL & CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 23(2), 195-200.
Romano, F; Uggeri, F; Crippa, S; Di Stefano, G; Scotti, M; Scaini, A; Caprotti, R; Uggeri, F
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/10461
Citazioni
  • Scopus 37
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 35
Social impact