Midazolam, a water soluble benzodiazepine used as a preanaesthetic and hypnotic drug, showed a concentration-related (0.1-0.75 mM) depressant effect on both Adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)-induced oxygen consumption and oxidative phosphorylation of rat liver mitochondria if the substrate was oxidized at different steps in the oxidation chain, but not when the substrate was ascorbate plus tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (complex IV). Furthermore, midazolam did not affect citrate synthase activity, but inhibited the 2,4 dinitrophenol (DNP)-uncoupled mitochondrial respiration. This result shows that midazolam primarily acts as a mitochondrial electron transport inhibitor. This inhibition is mainly due to the fact that midazolam decreases NADH ubiquinone reductase (complex I) and ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase (complex III) activities, but it also inhibits complex II activity. Spectrophotometric measurements of redox states of rat skeletal muscle mitochondria cytochromes show a decrease in the reduction of aa3 and c+c1 cytochromes in the presence of the benzodiazepine. Midazolam significantly decreased the reduced ubiquinone/total ubiquinone ratio (evaluated by means of HPLC and electrochemical detection) in rat liver mitochondria in both beta-hydroxybutyrate and succinate. Ubisemiquinone may be the redox component affected by midazolam, whether or not bound to the iron-sulfur proteins present in all three mitochondrial complexes. These effects of midazolam, not necessarily related to the preanaesthetic and hypnotic action are probably mediated via mitochondrial benzodiazepine receptors.
Colleoni, M., Costa, B., Gori, E., & Santagostino, A. (1996). Biochemical characterization of the effects of the benzodiazepine, midazolam, on mitochondrial electron transfer. PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY, 78(2), 69-76.
|Citazione:||Colleoni, M., Costa, B., Gori, E., & Santagostino, A. (1996). Biochemical characterization of the effects of the benzodiazepine, midazolam, on mitochondrial electron transfer. PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY, 78(2), 69-76.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Biochemical characterization of the effects of the benzodiazepine, midazolam, on mitochondrial electron transfer|
|Autori:||Colleoni, M; Costa, B; Gori, E; Santagostino, A|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Rivista:||PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0773.1996.tb00182.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|