Laboratory experiments reproducing seismic slip conditions show extreme frictional weakening due to the activation of lubrication processes. Due to a substantial variability in the details of the weakening transient, generalization of experimental results and comparison to seismic observations have not been possible so far. Here we show that during the weakening, shear stress τ is generally well matched by a power law of slip u in the form τu-α (with 0.35 < α < 0.6). The resulting fracture energy Gf can be approximated by a power law in some aspects in agreement with the seismological estimates G′. It appears that Gf and G′ are comparable in the range 0.01 < u < 0.3 m. However, G′ surpasses Gf at larger slips: at u≈10 m, G′≈108 and Gf≈106. Possible interpretations of this misfit involve the complexity of damage and weakening mechanisms within mature fault zone structures.

Nielsen, S., Spagnuolo, E., Smith, S., Violay, M., Toro, G., Bistacchi, A. (2016). Scaling in natural and laboratory earthquakes. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 43(4), 1504-1510 [10.1002/2015GL067490].

Scaling in natural and laboratory earthquakes

Bistacchi, A
2016

Abstract

Laboratory experiments reproducing seismic slip conditions show extreme frictional weakening due to the activation of lubrication processes. Due to a substantial variability in the details of the weakening transient, generalization of experimental results and comparison to seismic observations have not been possible so far. Here we show that during the weakening, shear stress τ is generally well matched by a power law of slip u in the form τu-α (with 0.35 < α < 0.6). The resulting fracture energy Gf can be approximated by a power law in some aspects in agreement with the seismological estimates G′. It appears that Gf and G′ are comparable in the range 0.01 < u < 0.3 m. However, G′ surpasses Gf at larger slips: at u≈10 m, G′≈108 and Gf≈106. Possible interpretations of this misfit involve the complexity of damage and weakening mechanisms within mature fault zone structures.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
earthquake scaling; fracture energy; high-velocity friction experiments;
earthquake rupture scaling;fracture energy;high-velocity friction experiments
English
2016
43
4
1504
1510
reserved
Nielsen, S., Spagnuolo, E., Smith, S., Violay, M., Toro, G., Bistacchi, A. (2016). Scaling in natural and laboratory earthquakes. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 43(4), 1504-1510 [10.1002/2015GL067490].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/102143
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