We provide a comprehensive overview of latent Markov (LM) models for the analysis of longitudinal categorical data. The main assumption behind these models is that the response variables are conditionally independent given a latent process which follows a first-order Markov chain. We first illustrate the basic LM model in which the conditional distribution of each response variable given the corresponding latent variable and the initial and transition probabilities of the latent process are unconstrained. For this model we also illustrate in detail maximum likelihood estimation through the Expectation-Maximization algorithm, which may be efficiently implemented by recursions known in the hidden Markov literature. We then illustrate several constrained versions of the basic LM model, which make the model more parsimonious and allow us to include and test hypotheses of interest. These constraints may be put on the conditional distribution of the response variables given the latent process (measurement model) or on the distribution of the latent process (latent model). We also deal with extensions of LM model for the inclusion of individual covariates and to multilevel data. Covariates may affect the measurement or the latent model; we discuss the implications of these two different approaches according to the context of application. Finally, we outline methods for obtaining standard errors for the parameter estimates, for selecting the number of states and for path prediction. Models and related inference are illustrated by the description of relevant socio-economic applications available in the literature.
Bartolucci, F., Farcomeni, A., & Pennoni, F. (2010). An overview of the latent Markov models for longitudinal data [Working paper].
|Citazione:||Bartolucci, F., Farcomeni, A., & Pennoni, F. (2010). An overview of the latent Markov models for longitudinal data [Working paper].|
|Titolo:||An overview of the latent Markov models for longitudinal data|
|Autori:||Bartolucci, F; Farcomeni, A; Pennoni, F|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||99 - Altro|