Dynamic aspects of gene regulatory networks are typically investigated by measuring system variables at multiple time points. Current state-of-the-art computational approaches for reconstructing gene networks directly build on such data, making a strong assumption that the system evolves in a synchronous fashion at fixed points in time. However, nowadays omics data are being generated with increasing time course granularity. Thus, modellers now have the possibility to represent the system as evolving in continuous time and improve the models' expressiveness. Continuous time Bayesian networks is proposed as a new approach for gene network reconstruction from time course expression data. Their performance was compared to two state-of-the-art methods: dynamic Bayesian networks and Granger causality analysis. On simulated data methods's comparison was carried out for networks of increasing dimension, for measurements taken at different time granularity densities and for measurements evenly vs. unevenly spaced over time. Continuous time Bayesian networks outperformed the other methods in terms of the accuracy of regulatory interactions learnt from data for all network dimensions. Furthermore, their performance degraded smoothly as the dimension of the network increased. Continuous time Bayesian network were significantly better than dynamic Bayesian networks for all time granularities tested and better than Granger causality for dense time series. Both continuous time Bayesian networks and Granger causality performed robustly for unevenly spaced time series, with no significant loss of performance compared to the evenly spaced case, while the same did not hold true for dynamic Bayesian networks. The comparison included the IRMA experimental datasets which confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed method. Continuous time Bayesian networks were then applied to elucidate the regulatory mechanisms controlling murine T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation and were found to be effective in discovering well-known regulatory mechanisms as well as new plausible biological insights. Continuous time Bayesian networks resulted to be effective on networks of both small and big dimensions and particularly feasible when the measurements are not evenly distributed over time. Reconstruction of the murine Th17 cell differentiation network using continuous time Bayesian networks revealed several autocrine loops suggesting that Th17 cells may be auto regulating their own differentiation process.
(2014). Continuos time Bayesian networks for gene networks reconstruction. (Tesi di dottorato, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, 2014).
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-lug-2014|
|Titolo:||Continuos time Bayesian networks for gene networks reconstruction|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||BIO/18 - GENETICA|
|Scuola di dottorato:||Scuola di Dottorato in Medicina Traslazionale e Molecolare|
|Corso di dottorato:||SCUOLA DI DOTTORATO IN MEDICINA TRASLAZIONALE E MOLECOLARE (DIMET) - 72R|
|Citazione:||(2014). Continuos time Bayesian networks for gene networks reconstruction. (Tesi di dottorato, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, 2014).|
|Parole Chiave (Inglese):||gene network reconstruction, time course, continuous time Bayesian networks|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||07 - Tesi di dottorato Bicocca post 2009|