Aim of the book "The Future of Youth. Changing perspectives and contemporary experiences" is to develop cross-cultural perspectives - the contributions gathered in the book represent research by eighteen social scientists from eight countries - on challenges and problems posed by young people's transition to adulthood in a period of profound economic, social and cultural changes. The text offers critical reflections in the realm of sociology of youth, problematising and broadening understandings of the term "youth". Due also to the analysis of social exclusion among young people it offers, the text is especially valuable both for policy development and political debate. Today the transition is generally longer and more discontinuous: the different milestones that characterize the entry in the adult world, from the end of schooling to leaving home to a stable relation with the labor market and the construction of an autonomous family nucleus tend to be de-synchronized, that is, to abandon the traditional, ordered temporal sequence. This trend to extending the transition - but also to its fragmentation into discontinuous phases, without clearly delineable connections between one phase and another, furthermore reversible - is common to European societies, although with certain specific characteristics in the various national contexts (of northern, central or southern Europe). In Italy, for example, studies may conclude and people may enter the working world without a parallel leave-taking of the parental home. Likewise gaining in importance are biographical models, increasingly distant from linear trajectories of life, which refer to the so-called choice biography characterized both by strong individualization and, in parallel, by an accentuation of the "risky" traits - "risk biography" has been spoken of in this sense - the latter connected to the need to make decisions in a social context characterized by great uncertainty. On the whole, therefore, this reality emphasizes the aspects of "biographical subjectivisation", giving great importance to individual responsibility in defining choices and, more in general, assigning a leading role to the ability to work out autonomous projects. However, this latter aspect enters into contradiction with another characteristic of our time, tied to the contraction of collective temporal horizons: the need to avoid long-term commitments, to elude fixity in favor of fluidity, to isolate the present as much from the past as from the future. As a consequence young people live this phase of life in a social climate in which the right to decide what one wishes to become is accompanied by a difficulty in finding points of reference in biographical construction able to avoid indeterminateness. Generally, it can be stated that the imperative to choose does not go hand in hand with the certainty that personal decisions will be able to weigh effectively on future biographical outcomes. Within this general framework, the book will comparatively analyse the characteristics of the emerging models of transitions to adulthood in Europe (including the "new" Eastern Europe) and the innovative family arrangements they entail. These characteristics will be connected with broader social, political and cultural changes: changes related to extended education, increasing women's participation in the labour market, changing welfare regimes as well as changes in political regimes (in Eastern Europe) and in the representation and construction of individual identities and biographies. The chapter on New Zealand will help both in enlarging the analytical context and in highlighting the specificity of being young in an European context. The book is organized into three parts, so as to bring three major issues to the fore: 1. A "New" Youth? This session offers a comparative assessment of the main changes related to youth and its future in the European context. It will take into account both the present conceptual transformations of youth and the different social backgrounds in which this "new" youth is spreading. Specific attention will be devoted to the present, gendered construction of juvenile biographies. 2. Young People and Relations among Generations. Aim of the second section is to offer the reader an overview of some of the most recent research experiences on youth, taking into account national variations and peculiarities. The relationship between social change, intergenerational relations and patterns of transition to adulthood will be explored in different geographical contexts: Central-North European countries, Mediterranean countries, Transitional countries as well as New Zealand. 3. Transitions to Adulthood and Social Exclusion. The last section explores, in a comparative perspective, the issue of the distribution of resources and opportunity between generations while focusing on new aspects of social exclusion.
|Citazione:||Furlong, A., Leccardi, C., Ruspini, E., Biggart, A., Walther, A., Morch, S., et al. (2006). A New Youth? Young People, Generations and Family Life (C. Leccardi, & E. Ruspini, a cura di). Aldershot : Ashgate Publishing Limited.|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||A New Youth? Young People, Generations and Family Life|
|Tutti gli autori:||Furlong, A; Leccardi, C; Ruspini, E; Biggart, A; Walther, A; Morch, S; Andersen, H; Holm, G; Daspit, T; Kelaher Young, AJ; Helve, H; Hillcoat-Nallétamby, S; Dharmalingam, A.; Santoro, M; du Bois-Reymond, M; te Poel, Y; Gerhard, U; Roberts, K; Sumbadze, N; Tarkhan-Mouravi, G; Parry, J; Monro, S|
|Autori interni:||LECCARDI, CARMEN|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||05 - Curatele|