This paper examines how the 2014-2017 'refugee crisis' in Italy affected voting behaviour and the rise of right-wing populism in national Parliamentary elections. We collect unique administrative data throughout the crisis and leverage exogenous variation in refugee resettlement across Italian municipalities induced by the Dispersal Policy. We find a positive and significant effect of the share of asylum seekers on support for radical-right anti-immigration parties. The effect is heterogeneous across municipality characteristics, yet robust to dispersal policy features. We provide causal evidence that the anti-immigration backlash is not rooted in adverse economic effects, while it is triggered by radical-right propaganda.

Campo, F., Giunti, S., Mendola, M. (2021). The Refugee Crisis and Right-Wing Populism: Evidence from the Italian Dispersal Policy [Working paper].

The Refugee Crisis and Right-Wing Populism: Evidence from the Italian Dispersal Policy

Campo, F;Giunti, S
;
Mendola, M
2021

Abstract

This paper examines how the 2014-2017 'refugee crisis' in Italy affected voting behaviour and the rise of right-wing populism in national Parliamentary elections. We collect unique administrative data throughout the crisis and leverage exogenous variation in refugee resettlement across Italian municipalities induced by the Dispersal Policy. We find a positive and significant effect of the share of asylum seekers on support for radical-right anti-immigration parties. The effect is heterogeneous across municipality characteristics, yet robust to dispersal policy features. We provide causal evidence that the anti-immigration backlash is not rooted in adverse economic effects, while it is triggered by radical-right propaganda.
Working paper
No
Scientifica
immigration, refugee crisis, voting behavior, dispersal policy, impact evaluation
English
Campo, F., Giunti, S., Mendola, M. (2021). The Refugee Crisis and Right-Wing Populism: Evidence from the Italian Dispersal Policy [Working paper].
Campo, F; Giunti, S; Mendola, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/316762
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