This paper presents an experimental analysis of the role of out comes and intentions for fair behavior. We consider a symmetric version of the gift-exchange game in a 2x2 design with two treatment variables: intentionality (¯rst mover's choice is either intentional or randomly determined) and outcome (¯rst mover's choice is either costly or free, ie compensated by the experimenter). The four treatments differ with respect to the presence-absence of intentionality and cost for the ¯rst mover, whereas the outcome of the ¯rst mover's action for the second mover's payo® is kept constant across treatments. The results indicate that intentions do not matter for fair behavior, whereas outcomes do matter. In particular, the effect of outcomes is due to concerns for distributional fairness, whereas there is no evidence of an intention-based role for outcomes through signalling kindness.

Stanca, L. (2008). How to be kind? Outcomes versus Intentions as Determinants of Fairness [Working paper del dipartimento].

How to be kind? Outcomes versus Intentions as Determinants of Fairness

STANCA, LUCA MATTEO
2008

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental analysis of the role of out comes and intentions for fair behavior. We consider a symmetric version of the gift-exchange game in a 2x2 design with two treatment variables: intentionality (¯rst mover's choice is either intentional or randomly determined) and outcome (¯rst mover's choice is either costly or free, ie compensated by the experimenter). The four treatments differ with respect to the presence-absence of intentionality and cost for the ¯rst mover, whereas the outcome of the ¯rst mover's action for the second mover's payo® is kept constant across treatments. The results indicate that intentions do not matter for fair behavior, whereas outcomes do matter. In particular, the effect of outcomes is due to concerns for distributional fairness, whereas there is no evidence of an intention-based role for outcomes through signalling kindness.
Working paper del dipartimento
Scientifica
Reciprocity; Export; Intentions; Laboratory Experiments
English
Stanca, L. (2008). How to be kind? Outcomes versus Intentions as Determinants of Fairness [Working paper del dipartimento].
Stanca, L
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
How_to_be_kind_Outcomes_versus.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia di allegato: Other attachments
Dimensione 242.49 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
242.49 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/23184
Citazioni
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
Social impact