Objective: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the obstetrical and perinatal outcomes of vaginal birth in case of pregnancies achieved after prior myomectomy. We also analyzed how operative characteristics at the time of surgery might influence the choice of obstetricians about mode of delivery. Study design: We analyzed retrospectively all women who underwent laparoscopic (LPS) or laparotomic (LPT) myomectomy between January 2002 and December 2014, in a network of three Institutions belonging to the University of Milano Bicocca, Italy. Women were contacted by phone interview and only cases with available follow-up data and who had a subsequent pregnancy were included. Operative characteristics and subsequent obstetrical outcomes were recorded and analyzed. Results: 469 women who underwent myomectomy were contacted by phone interview, and 152 pregnancies were achieved after surgery, 96 after LPS and 56 after LPT. A total of 110 pregnancies ended in deliveries at ≥24 weeks. Seventy-three (66.4%) women had trial of labor after myomectomy (TOLAM), while 24 (21.8%) had a planned cesarean delivery (CD). Sixty-six (90.4%) of the TOLAM cases successfully accomplished vaginal delivery. No cases of uterine rupture (UR) were reported, and all deliveries ended in live births. The incidence of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit admission was 14.5% (16/110), with no cases of perinatal death. Comparing the surgical details at the time of myomectomy, the incidence of uterine cavity entered was significantly higher in planned CD group compared to TOLAM cases (p < 0.001). No other significant difference between the two groups was reported. Conclusions: A successful vaginal delivery was accomplished by 90.4% of women who had TOLAM, without any case of UR or severe maternal and perinatal complications. TOLAM may be considered and offered as feasible and relatively safe option. Obstetricians’ attitude toward mode of delivery after prior myomectomy seems to be influenced by the reported entry into the uterine cavity at the time of surgery

Gambacorti-Passerini, Z., Penati, C., Carli, A., Accordino, F., Ferrari, L., Berghella, V., et al. (2018). Vaginal birth after prior myomectomy. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS, GYNECOLOGY, AND REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY, 231, 198-203 [10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.10.007].

Vaginal birth after prior myomectomy

Penati, C
Secondo
;
Carli, A;Accordino, F;Locatelli, A
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the obstetrical and perinatal outcomes of vaginal birth in case of pregnancies achieved after prior myomectomy. We also analyzed how operative characteristics at the time of surgery might influence the choice of obstetricians about mode of delivery. Study design: We analyzed retrospectively all women who underwent laparoscopic (LPS) or laparotomic (LPT) myomectomy between January 2002 and December 2014, in a network of three Institutions belonging to the University of Milano Bicocca, Italy. Women were contacted by phone interview and only cases with available follow-up data and who had a subsequent pregnancy were included. Operative characteristics and subsequent obstetrical outcomes were recorded and analyzed. Results: 469 women who underwent myomectomy were contacted by phone interview, and 152 pregnancies were achieved after surgery, 96 after LPS and 56 after LPT. A total of 110 pregnancies ended in deliveries at ≥24 weeks. Seventy-three (66.4%) women had trial of labor after myomectomy (TOLAM), while 24 (21.8%) had a planned cesarean delivery (CD). Sixty-six (90.4%) of the TOLAM cases successfully accomplished vaginal delivery. No cases of uterine rupture (UR) were reported, and all deliveries ended in live births. The incidence of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit admission was 14.5% (16/110), with no cases of perinatal death. Comparing the surgical details at the time of myomectomy, the incidence of uterine cavity entered was significantly higher in planned CD group compared to TOLAM cases (p < 0.001). No other significant difference between the two groups was reported. Conclusions: A successful vaginal delivery was accomplished by 90.4% of women who had TOLAM, without any case of UR or severe maternal and perinatal complications. TOLAM may be considered and offered as feasible and relatively safe option. Obstetricians’ attitude toward mode of delivery after prior myomectomy seems to be influenced by the reported entry into the uterine cavity at the time of surgery
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Mode of delivery; Myomectomy; Pregnancy; Trial of labor; Uterine rupture
English
Gambacorti-Passerini, Z., Penati, C., Carli, A., Accordino, F., Ferrari, L., Berghella, V., et al. (2018). Vaginal birth after prior myomectomy. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS, GYNECOLOGY, AND REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY, 231, 198-203 [10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.10.007].
Gambacorti-Passerini, Z; Penati, C; Carli, A; Accordino, F; Ferrari, L; Berghella, V; Locatelli, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/214633
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